More books were consulted, but many polemics are not listed because they add little to the historical record. Most of the following books appear in the abbreviated notes, as do documents and articles. For a bibliography of articles in the 1980s and 1990s, see A.M. Babkina, ed., Affirmative Action: An Annotated Bibliography (Commack, N.Y., 1998) and Joan Nordquist, Affirmative Action: A Bibliography (Santa Cruz, Calif., 1996).
Adams, Sherman. First-Hand Report: The Story of the Eisenhower Administration (New York, 1961).
Affirmative Action: The History of an Idea. BJW, Inc. Films for the Humanities & Sciences, 1996. Video.
Altschiller, Donald, ed. Affirmative Action (New York, 1991).
Amaker, Norman C. Civil Rights and the Reagan Administration (Washington, D.C., 1988).
Anderson, Jervis. A. Philip Randolph: A Biographical Portrait (New York, 1973).
Anderson, Terry H. The Movement and The Sixties (New York, 1995).
Anderson, Terry H. The Sixties (New York, 1999).
Ball, Howard. The Bakke Case: Race, Education, and Affirmative Action (Lawrence, Kans., 2000).
Bean, Jonathan J. Big Government and Affirmative Action: The Scandalous History of the Small Business Administration (Lexington, Ky., 2001).
Belz, Herman. Equality Transformed: A Quarter-Century of Affirmative Action (New Brunswick, N.J., 1991).
Bennett Jr., Lerone. Confrontation Black and White (Chicago, 1965).
Berger, Raoul. Government by Judiciary: The Transformation of the Fourteenth Amendment (Cambridge, Mass., 1977).
Bergmann, Barbara. In Defense of Affirmative Action (New York, 1996).
Berman, William C. From the Center to the Edge: The Politics and Policies of the Clinton Presidency (Lanham, Md., 2001).
Blackwelder, Julia Kirk. Now Hiring (College Station, Tex., 1997). Blumrosen, Alfred W. Black Employment and the Law (New Brunswick, N.J., 1971).
Blackwelder, Julia Kirk. Modern Law: The Law Transmission System and Equal Employment Opportunity (Madison, Wis., 1993).
Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo. White Supremacy and Racism in the Post-Civil Rights Era (Boulder, Colo., 2001).