b. 1944, France
After pursuing studies in sociology and psychology, Badinter turned to history, which she has taught in a number of Paris's tertiary educational institutions. In the 1980s and 1990s, she has published works dealing with gender and sexual/political issues. These include The Myth of Motherhood: An Historical View of the Maternal Instinct (L'Amour en plus: histoire de l'amour maternel XVIIe-XXe siècle), Man/Woman: The One is the Other (L'Un est l'autre), Qu'est-ce qu'une femme? (What is a Woman?), and XY: On Masculine Identity (XY, de l'identité masculine). She has also written biographical historical works.
See also: feminist thought
b. 1928, Paris
Lawyer and politician
A prominent humanitarian lawyer, Badinter became Justice Minister in the first government of the Mitterrand presidency (1981). He was the architect of the abolition of the death penalty, widely regarded as the most significant measure of the Mitterrand years-a reform with which his name has been indelibly associated. He is married to Élisabeth Badinter.
See also: parties and movements
b. 1906 Saint Louis, USA;
An expatriate African-American singer and dancer, Baker rose to great fame in the 1920s as the star of the Revue Nègre, a music-hall show, and the Folies Bergères. Her signature song was J'ai deux amours (Paris et mon pays). She starred in a silent film, La Sirène des tropiques (1927), and two popular French sound films, Zouzou (1934) and Princesse Tam-Tam (1935). Often shown in photographs wearing nothing but a string of banana skins around her waist, she is thought by many to evoke the exoticism (and eroticism) of the Jazz Age in Paris between the world wars.
See also: dance