b. 1931, Colombières sur Orb
Scenarist, dramaturg and adaptor
Best known for his screenplays for famous directors such as Louis Malle and Luis Buñuel, whom he worked with for nineteen years, Carrière is renowned in the theatre for his work as a dramaturg and adaptor, especially for Jean-Louis Barrault and Peter Brook, whose Mahabharata he translated and adapted in 1985.
See also: cinema; theatre
Carte de séjour
A 1980s beur rock group from Lyon, they are a voice of the second generation of North African immigrants. They made an extraordinary impact with the 1985 hit, Sweet France (Douce France), an ironical remake of Trenet's song, performing at La Concorde for a meeting for SOS Racisme. They separated in 1988, but their leader, Rachid Taha, has carried on with a solo career.
See also: beur music; beurs; Désir, Harlem, and SOS Racisme; francophone popular music: North Africa
b. 1908, Chanteloup
Photographer and artist
After studying painting, Cartier-Bresson took up photography in 1931. His early work was extremely influential for the rigorous harmony and balance of form of his compositions, but it was as a photojournalist with the agency Magnum Photos that he had the greatest impact, fusing the artistic and the documentary into what became known as 'modern photography'. His photographs often focus on unexpected juxtapositions, and he famously refused to reframe or crop an image once it was taken. Since 1973, he has devoted himself essentially to drawing.
See also: photography
b. 1922, La Corogna, Spain;
d. 1996, Paris
Casarès is noted for powerful interpretations of tragic roles, especially in the 1940s and 1950s, at the Comédie-Française and Théâtre National de Paris, for directors such as Chéreau, Blin and Sobel. She has also worked with film directors Carné and Bresson.
See also: theatre