b. 1939, France
Feminist thinker, writer and journalist
The author of works on the history of psychoanalysis, Freud and Lacan-whose theory she defends in the 1981 publication Vies et légendes de Jacques Lacan (Lives and Legends of Jacques Lacan)-Clément has also written (in 1979) a study of opera as a patriarchal production, Opera, or the Undoing of Women (L'Opéra ou la défaite des femmes), and a collection of Marxist-orientated essays on literature, art, film and opera, entitled Miroirs du sujet (Mirrors of the Subject). This latter work, published in 1975, dissects the relationships between ideology, culture, sociosymbolic structures and the subject. Clément is best known for the essay which she co-wrote in 1975 with Hélène Cixous, The Newly Born Woman (La Jeune Née). She is also the author of several novels.
See also: feminist thought; psychoanalysis; women's/lesbian writing
b. 1913, Bordeaux;
d. 1995, France
One of the leading film-makers of the Fourth Republic in particular, Clément's prolific output lacks any strong thematic unity and thus brought him into disfavour with the Cahiers du cinéma critics. Jeux interdits won an Oscar in 1953 and remains a major filmic evocation of childhood, while Plein Soleil (1960) gave Alain Delon his first major role. He was probably the first major French director to realize the benefits of co-production, working in Italy and London as well as in France.
See also: cinema
b. 1907, Niort;
d. 1977, Paris
The sourest and most acid of French film-makers; it is no accident that Chabrol paid homage to Clouzot in 1994 by filming his last project, L'Enfer. He became notorious under the Occupation for the poison-pen drama Le Corbeau (1943), for which he was briefly banned, but is nowadays better known for the savage tension of Le Salaire de la peur, which gave Yves Montand one of his major roles in 1953, and 1955's Les Diaboliques, a drama of jealousy and murder in a private school worthy of Hitchcock. Les Diaboliques is quoted in Adrian Lyne's Fatal Attraction and has been