Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture

By Alex Hughes; Keith Reader | Go to book overview

Further reading

f
Forbes, J. and Kelly, M. (eds) French Cultural Studies: An Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press (explores the relationship between culture and its social context since the late nineteenth century, dealing at several points with class and its representation).

m
Mendras, H. and Cole, A. (1991) Social Change in Modern France: Towards a Cultural Anthropology of the Fifth Republic, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (focuses on the social history of France and the breakup of traditional class structures).

r
Rigby, B. (1991) Popular Culture in Modern France: A Study of Cultural Discourse, London: Routledge (traces notions of popular culture since the 1930s, examining the debates around it and its class associations)

Clément, Catherine

b. 1939, France

Feminist thinker, writer and journalist

The author of works on the history of psychoanalysis, Freud and Lacan-whose theory she defends in the 1981 publication Vies et légendes de Jacques Lacan (Lives and Legends of Jacques Lacan)-Clément has also written (in 1979) a study of opera as a patriarchal production, Opera, or the Undoing of Women (L'Opéra ou la défaite des femmes), and a collection of Marxist-orientated essays on literature, art, film and opera, entitled Miroirs du sujet (Mirrors of the Subject). This latter work, published in 1975, dissects the relationships between ideology, culture, sociosymbolic structures and the subject. Clément is best known for the essay which she co-wrote in 1975 with Hélène Cixous, The Newly Born Woman (La Jeune Née). She is also the author of several novels.

ALEX HUGHES

See also: feminist thought; psychoanalysis; women's/lesbian writing

Clément, René

b. 1913, Bordeaux;

d. 1995, France

Director

One of the leading film-makers of the Fourth Republic in particular, Clément's prolific output lacks any strong thematic unity and thus brought him into disfavour with the Cahiers du cinéma critics. Jeux interdits won an Oscar in 1953 and remains a major filmic evocation of childhood, while Plein Soleil (1960) gave Alain Delon his first major role. He was probably the first major French director to realize the benefits of co-production, working in Italy and London as well as in France.

KEITH READER

See also: cinema

Clouzot, Henri-Georges

b. 1907, Niort;

d. 1977, Paris

Director

The sourest and most acid of French film-makers; it is no accident that Chabrol paid homage to Clouzot in 1994 by filming his last project, L'Enfer. He became notorious under the Occupation for the poison-pen drama Le Corbeau (1943), for which he was briefly banned, but is nowadays better known for the savage tension of Le Salaire de la peur, which gave Yves Montand one of his major roles in 1953, and 1955's Les Diaboliques, a drama of jealousy and murder in a private school worthy of Hitchcock. Les Diaboliques is quoted in Adrian Lyne's Fatal Attraction and has been

-113-

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface x
  • Introduction xi
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Classified Contents List xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 3
  • Further Reading 13
  • Further Reading 18
  • Further Reading 26
  • Further Reading 27
  • Further Reading 30
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 66
  • Further Reading 70
  • Major Works 79
  • C 85
  • Further Reading 91
  • Further Reading 99
  • Further Reading 111
  • Further Reading 113
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 144
  • Further Reading 150
  • Major Works 152
  • E 168
  • Further Reading 194
  • F 197
  • Further Reading 200
  • Further Reading 207
  • Major Works 214
  • Further Reading 245
  • G 252
  • Further Reading 279
  • Further Reading 280
  • H 283
  • I 290
  • Further Reading 297
  • J 302
  • Further Reading 303
  • Major Works 307
  • K 310
  • Further Reading 317
  • L 318
  • Major Works 324
  • Major Works 325
  • M 350
  • Further Reading 352
  • Further Reading 354
  • Major Works 364
  • Further Reading 379
  • Further Reading 380
  • N 388
  • Further Reading 397
  • O 401
  • P 404
  • Further Reading 419
  • Major Works 424
  • Q 449
  • R 450
  • Further Reading 462
  • Further Reading 469
  • Major Works 470
  • Major Works 472
  • Further Reading 474
  • S 478
  • Further Reading 484
  • Further Reading 508
  • T 515
  • U 540
  • V 544
  • Further Reading 549
  • Further Reading 554
  • W 555
  • Further Reading 560
  • X 568
  • Y 569
  • Index 572
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