b. 1936, St-Germain en Laye;
d. 1997, Paris
Novelist and publisher
A co-founder of Tel quel, Hallier's career as a maverick intellectual was always inclined towards non-conformity, provocation and iconoclasm. A lover of publicity, much of his work was conceived to challenge the status of institutional and political authorities. After May 1968 such efforts were channelled into the left-wing and humorous monthly L'Idiot international (1969-73) and the establishment of his own publishing house, Les Éditions Hallier (1974). Having already attacked the regime of Giscard d'Estaing in 1979 in Lettre ouverte au colin froid (Open Letter to the Cold Hake), during the 1980s Hallier turned his efforts to delving into the past and personal life of his former close friend, François Mitterrand.
See also: national press in France; Tel Quel group
b. 1943, Paris
Lyricist and singer, real name Jean-Philippe Smet
France's best-known rocker, Johnny Hallyday sang mainly French translations of American rock, twist, and rhythm and blues songs in the early years of his career, before introducing more French compositions into his repertoire. Seemingly the incarnation of violence and of loneliness in many of his stage performances, Hallyday has perfected his high-tech public appearances for a great (if mainly ageing) band of fans. Despite huge success in France, he has made no impact in the English-speaking world. He married for the fifth time in March 1996.
See also: song/chanson
b. 1944, Paris