Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture

By Alex Hughes; Keith Reader | Go to book overview

Major works

l
Lassalle, J. (1991) Pauses, Paris: Actes Sud (writings on the theatre, presented by Yannic Mancel).

Lavelli, Jorge

b. 1932, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Director

Lavelli is known for his contemporary repertoire. Director of the national Théâtre de la Colline until 1996, he is also known for his direction of opera, and of many Fernando Arrabal works.

ANNIE SPARKS

See also: theatre


Major works

s
Stagé, A. and Lavelli, J. (1979) Lavelli, opéra et mise à mort, Paris: Fayard (a discussion of work in the theatre).

Lavilliers, Bernard

b. 1946, St-Étienne

Singer-songwriter

Lavilliers's long career started in the 1970s, when a visit to South America profoundly influenced his style. Like many of his contemporaries, his musical itinerary saw him play blues, rock-in 1976's Haute Surveillance (Close Watch), for example-reggae and salsa in La Salsa (1980). He established himself in the 1980s; exoticism and protest songs are his hallmark. Charismatic on stage, with his cultivated working-class rocker look, he is a genuine poetic and political animal who never tires of discovering new musical horizons or exotic experiences, as expressed in his 1994 album, Champ du possible (Virtual Horizon).

GÉRALD POULET

See also: rock and pop; song/chanson

Le Corbusier

b. 1887, La Chaux-de-Fonds;

d. 1965, Roquebrune Cap-Martin

Architect, urban planner and writer, real name Charles-Édouard Jeanneret

Le Corbusier, an avant-garde Paris architect of Swiss origin, was the leading French member of the worldwide Modern movement in architecture between the 1920s and the 1960s. His villa designs in the 1920s and 1930s (e.g. Villa Savoye, 1931), his books, his housing projects and his city plans (e.g. Plan Voisin, 1925; Algiers, 1930; Radiant City, 1930-) had won him world renown by the 1950s but his practical achievements in France were limited, owing mainly to state indifference and distrust. However, Le Corbusier's designs and theories were based on his rigid concepts of universal relationships between people and space, and these tended to produce standardized designs for mass housing and city planning. He began to make these systems more flexible after the war-his chapel of Notre-Dame-du-Haut at Ronchamp (1955), for example-but a big postwar reconstruction scheme at St-Dié (1945) was rejected by residents and officials alike. Not until the 1950s, when France launched a big wave of high-rise housing in the public sector, were slab designs set in open space, comparable to his unité d'habitation (built at Marseille 1947-52), widely adopted on new housing estates. The city of towers and motorways came under criticism from the 1970s, but Le Corbusier's immaculate and persuasive architecture never lost its reputation and continues to influence French students and architects at the end of the century.

-324-

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface x
  • Introduction xi
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Classified Contents List xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 3
  • Further Reading 13
  • Further Reading 18
  • Further Reading 26
  • Further Reading 27
  • Further Reading 30
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 66
  • Further Reading 70
  • Major Works 79
  • C 85
  • Further Reading 91
  • Further Reading 99
  • Further Reading 111
  • Further Reading 113
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 144
  • Further Reading 150
  • Major Works 152
  • E 168
  • Further Reading 194
  • F 197
  • Further Reading 200
  • Further Reading 207
  • Major Works 214
  • Further Reading 245
  • G 252
  • Further Reading 279
  • Further Reading 280
  • H 283
  • I 290
  • Further Reading 297
  • J 302
  • Further Reading 303
  • Major Works 307
  • K 310
  • Further Reading 317
  • L 318
  • Major Works 324
  • Major Works 325
  • M 350
  • Further Reading 352
  • Further Reading 354
  • Major Works 364
  • Further Reading 379
  • Further Reading 380
  • N 388
  • Further Reading 397
  • O 401
  • P 404
  • Further Reading 419
  • Major Works 424
  • Q 449
  • R 450
  • Further Reading 462
  • Further Reading 469
  • Major Works 470
  • Major Works 472
  • Further Reading 474
  • S 478
  • Further Reading 484
  • Further Reading 508
  • T 515
  • U 540
  • V 544
  • Further Reading 549
  • Further Reading 554
  • W 555
  • Further Reading 560
  • X 568
  • Y 569
  • Index 572
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