Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture

By Alex Hughes; Keith Reader | Go to book overview

ANTHONY SUTCLIFFE Politician

See also: architecture


Major works

l
Le Corbusier (1946) Towards a New Architecture, London: Architectural Press.
--(1947) The City of Tomorrow and Its Planning, London: Architectural Press.

Further reading

f
Fishman, R. (1977) Urban Utopias in the Twentieth Century, New York: Basic Books.

v
Von Moos, S. (1979) Le Corbusier: Elements of a Synthesis , Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Le Forestier, Maxime

b. 1949, Paris

Singer-songwriter

Having performed with his talented sister (as Max et Cat Le Forestier), Maxime Le Forestier embarked on a solo career and was hugely successful in the early 1970s in particular. Appealing to a largely left-wing, adolescent audience, Le Forestier had hits with, among others, San Francisco and the anti-militarist Parachutiste. An outstanding lyricist whose professional stance undermines the crass commercialism of show business, he was voted best French male vocalist in 1996, having seen an upturn in his solo career.

IAN PICKUP

See also: song/chanson

Le Pen, Jean-Marie

b. 1928, La Trinité-sur-Mer

Politicians

Le Pen's political training ground was as a Poujadist deputy (1956-62) and as a vigorous supporter of Algérie Française. After a decade in the political wilderness, in 1972 he became the leader of the Front National, which set out to federate the diverse strands of the French extreme Right, increasingly around the themes of race and immigration. Persistence finally paid off with the Front's initial electoral breakthrough in 1983-4, and its presence has since had a profound effect on the tactics and policies of mainstream political parties. The movement, which regularly attracts around 10 per cent of the vote, owes much to Le Pen's personal appeal (15 per cent at the presidential elections of 1988 and 1995).

BRIAN JENKINS

See also: nationalism; racism/anti-semitism


Further reading

b
Bresson, G. and Lionet, C. (1994) Le Pen, Paris: Éditions du Seuil (a recent biography in French).

m
Marcus, J. (1995) The National Front and French Politics: The Resistible Rise of Jean-Marie Le Pen, Basingstoke and London: Macmillan (currently the only book in English exclusively devoted to Le Pen and his movement; lively and accessible).

Le Roy Ladurie, Emmanuel

b. 1929, Moutiers-en-Cinglais, Normandy

Intellectual

Le Roy Ladurie is the leading contemporary inheritor of the Annales historical tradition, focusing on long-term cultural attitudes rather than on great men and events. A former Communist Party militant, he first became

-325-

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface x
  • Introduction xi
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Classified Contents List xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 3
  • Further Reading 13
  • Further Reading 18
  • Further Reading 26
  • Further Reading 27
  • Further Reading 30
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 66
  • Further Reading 70
  • Major Works 79
  • C 85
  • Further Reading 91
  • Further Reading 99
  • Further Reading 111
  • Further Reading 113
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 144
  • Further Reading 150
  • Major Works 152
  • E 168
  • Further Reading 194
  • F 197
  • Further Reading 200
  • Further Reading 207
  • Major Works 214
  • Further Reading 245
  • G 252
  • Further Reading 279
  • Further Reading 280
  • H 283
  • I 290
  • Further Reading 297
  • J 302
  • Further Reading 303
  • Major Works 307
  • K 310
  • Further Reading 317
  • L 318
  • Major Works 324
  • Major Works 325
  • M 350
  • Further Reading 352
  • Further Reading 354
  • Major Works 364
  • Further Reading 379
  • Further Reading 380
  • N 388
  • Further Reading 397
  • O 401
  • P 404
  • Further Reading 419
  • Major Works 424
  • Q 449
  • R 450
  • Further Reading 462
  • Further Reading 469
  • Major Works 470
  • Major Works 472
  • Further Reading 474
  • S 478
  • Further Reading 484
  • Further Reading 508
  • T 515
  • U 540
  • V 544
  • Further Reading 549
  • Further Reading 554
  • W 555
  • Further Reading 560
  • X 568
  • Y 569
  • Index 572
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