This private television company, funded from advertising revenue, came into existence in 1987. Its predecessor, TV6, had been established as a dedicated music channel by the Socialist government one year earlier. M6 provides a general entertainment service with an emphasis on comedy, feature films and television series, much of it imported from the United States. Its principal shareholders are the Groupe Lyonnaise des Eaux and the Luxembourg media company, the Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion. The channel diversified into programme production and other media-related activities in the early 1990s.
See also: television
b. 1948, Paris
Madelin is France's most avowedly 'Thatcherite' political figure, with the possible exception of Jean-Marie Le Pen. A Fascist militant in his Paris student days (his long-time political rival François Léotard claims to have had his first encounter with him on the wrong end of an iron bar), he soon mellowed into a political career on the right wing of the Parti Républicain that reached its apogee when Chirac, as a reward for Madelin's perhaps unexpected support in the 1995 presidential elections, appointed him Finance Minister. Madelin resigned after only a few months in the post, the better to concentrate on his ultimately unsuccessful attempt to win the leadership of the Parti Républicain. His privatizing fervour has also manifested itself in his writings, including Chers Compatriotes (My Fellow French) of 1994 and Quand les autruches relèveront la tête (When the Ostriches Look up) of 1995.
See also: parties and movements
The first private museum of modern art in France, and the first building designed expressly for the exhibition of modern art, the Maeght Foundation was opened on 28 July 1964 by André Malraux, then Minister for Cultural Affairs. Situated in the hilltop town of St-Paul de Vence, Alpes-Maritimes, it attracts over a quarter of a million visitors each year: its permanent collection comprises over 6,000 works, and it stages frequent temporary exhibitions.