Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture

By Alex Hughes; Keith Reader | Go to book overview

See also: song/chanson


Major works

p
Piaf, Édith (1994) L'Hymne à l'amour, Paris: Livre de poche (the words of the songs recorded by Piaf).

Further reading

d
Duclos, P. and Martin, G. (1993) Piaf, Paris: Éditions du Seuil (a well-researched biography).

Piaget, Jean

b. 1896, Neuchâtel, Switzerland;

d. 1980, Geneva

Psychologist

A developmental psychologist, specializing in the maturation of children's intelligence, but trained as a biologist, Piaget first became interested in psychology through observing the intellectual development of his own children, who provide the evidence for his earliest studies, such as The Language and Thought of the Child (Le Langage et la pensée chez l'enfant) (1923). His analysis of the emergent process of reasoning in children through a mechanism of 'reflexive abstraction' based on their interaction with the material world led him to a generalized theory of knowledge which he called Genetic Epistemology (Épistémologie génétique) (1970). His thinking has been widely influential in educational theory and has inspired controversial new methods of teaching basic logical and mathematical skills to primary school children.

PETER HAWKINS

Pialat, Maurice

b. 1925, Puy-de-Dôme

Director

His career started in 1960 with intense psychological dramas in a realist idiom, such as L'Enfance nue (1969) and La Gueule ouverte (1974, with Baye and Philippe Léotard). In the 1980s, his films used stars and reached a wider public: Loulou (in 1980), with Depardieu); A nos amours (1983), with Bonnaire, seen as a key film of the 1980s; Police (1985), with Depardieu and Marceau; and Sous le soleil de Satan (1987), with Bonnaire and Depardieu.

PHIL POWRIE

See also: cinema


Further reading

m
Magny, J. (1992) Maurice Pialat, Paris: Cahiers du Cinéma (thematic analysis).

t
Toffetti, S. (ed.) (1992) Maurice Pialat: l'enfant sauvage, Turin: Lindau (a collection of homages, articles, interviews).

Picasso, Pablo

b. 1881, Malaga, Spain;

d. 1973, Mougins, France

Artist

The twentieth century's most celebrated artist, Picasso's prolific production includes sculpture, printmaking, ceramics, stage design, book illustrations and writing, as well as paintings and drawings. Although Spanish by birth, Picasso lived and worked most of his adult life in France and was closely associated with the Parisian avant-garde before World War I. In 1907, he created the founding work of Cubism, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. In the 1920s, he was associated with the Surrealist movement.

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Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface x
  • Introduction xi
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Classified Contents List xiv
  • A 1
  • Further Reading 3
  • Further Reading 13
  • Further Reading 18
  • Further Reading 26
  • Further Reading 27
  • Further Reading 30
  • B 44
  • Further Reading 66
  • Further Reading 70
  • Major Works 79
  • C 85
  • Further Reading 91
  • Further Reading 99
  • Further Reading 111
  • Further Reading 113
  • D 135
  • Further Reading 144
  • Further Reading 150
  • Major Works 152
  • E 168
  • Further Reading 194
  • F 197
  • Further Reading 200
  • Further Reading 207
  • Major Works 214
  • Further Reading 245
  • G 252
  • Further Reading 279
  • Further Reading 280
  • H 283
  • I 290
  • Further Reading 297
  • J 302
  • Further Reading 303
  • Major Works 307
  • K 310
  • Further Reading 317
  • L 318
  • Major Works 324
  • Major Works 325
  • M 350
  • Further Reading 352
  • Further Reading 354
  • Major Works 364
  • Further Reading 379
  • Further Reading 380
  • N 388
  • Further Reading 397
  • O 401
  • P 404
  • Further Reading 419
  • Major Works 424
  • Q 449
  • R 450
  • Further Reading 462
  • Further Reading 469
  • Major Works 470
  • Major Works 472
  • Further Reading 474
  • S 478
  • Further Reading 484
  • Further Reading 508
  • T 515
  • U 540
  • V 544
  • Further Reading 549
  • Further Reading 554
  • W 555
  • Further Reading 560
  • X 568
  • Y 569
  • Index 572
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