|1 A 'remembering' function - typically a monument or a garden of remembrance, designed more for the needs of the survivors and the families of those who did not survive (Stein and Stein 1993).|
|2 A 'not forgetting' function - the preservation of what remained in terms of infrastructure, designed more for general societal needs.|
In both cases the need for 'site management' arose, as the site had become, in a loose but literal sense, a visitor attraction. At this point the interest of two academic strands meet. One strand takes in archaeology and heritage interests; the other management, tourism and business interests. They meet under the heading Modern Heritage Site Management.
As unconventional tourist attractions, some of the camps are attracting large numbers of tourists and are becoming 'must-sees' in their particular localities. Auschwitz is arguably the most developed as a tourist attraction, and it is depressing to note that a shopping centre has been proposed within yards of the site (Edmonton Jewish Life 1996). Equally contentious has been the opening of a McDonald's fast food outlet a short distance from the Dachau camp visitors' car park (Jewish Defense League 1996).
In earlier papers (Beech 1998; Beech 2000), the author highlighted the two-part aspects of Buchenwald concentration camp as a tourist attraction (Table 17.1) and