Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers

By Stuart Brown; Diané Collinson et al. | Go to book overview

Main publications:
(1966) Essays in Analysis, London: George Allen & Unwin.
(1976) (with Morris Lazerowitz) Philosophical Theories, The Hague: Mouton.
(1977) 'The Yellow Book Notes in relation to The Blue Book' Crítica 9.
(1979) (ed.) Wittgensteins Lectures: Cambridge, 1932-1935, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
(1984) (with Morris Lazerowitz) Essays in the Unknown Wittgenstein, Buffalo: Prometheus Books.
(1992) (ed.) Lectures on Metaphysics, 1934-1935, by G.E. Moore, New York: P. Lang.

Much influenced by the work of Wittgenstein, Ambrose argued that philosophical theories typically consist of disguised linguistic claims. The rival claims of, for instance, Platonists and conventionalists about mathematics consist of concealed revisions of language whose aim is to justify the description of mathematics as discovery, or as creation. Such recommendations are typically supported by misleading analogies between the languages of mathematics and empirical facts. Progress is therefore to be made by detailed attention to the actual grammar of language.

Ambrose was a student of Wittgenstein in Cambridge in the 1930s, and has edited students' notes of lectures by Moore and Wittgenstein.

Sources: CA NRS 17; personal communication.

ANTHONY ELLIS


Amin, Ahmad

Egyptian, b: 1 October 1886, Cairo, d: 30 May 1954, Cairo. Cat: Islamic modernist and reformist; historian of Arab and Islamic civilization and thought; historian of philosophy. Ints: Methodology. Educ: Al-Azhar University, 1900, abandoning his studies in 1904; National State University, Cairo, 1907-11; completed the study of English language in 1916. Appts: Teacher of Arabic in elementary schools and journalist; appointed Judge in Qena, Tatah and Cairo, 1921-6; University Professor from 1926; Director of the Cultural Centre of Egyptian Ministry of Education, 1945; Director of the Cultural Section of the Arab League, 1947.


Main publications:
(1918) Mabadi al-Falsafah [Principles of Philosophy], Cairo: Lagnat at-Talif wat-Targamah wan-Nashr.
(1929) Fajr al-Islam [The Dawn of Islam], Cairo: Matba'at al-Iitimad.
(1933) Duha al-Islam [The Morning of Islam], 3 vols, Cairo: Lagnat at-Ta'lif wa't-Targamah wa'n-Nashr.
(1936) Qissat al-Falsafah al-Hadithah [A History of Modern Philosophy, in collaboration with Zaki Nagib Mahmud], Cairo: Lagnat at-Talif wat-Targamah wan-Nashr.
(1936) Qissat al-Falsafah al-Yunaniyyah [A History of Greek Philosophy, in collaboration with Zaki Nagib Mahmud), Cairo: Lagnat at-Talif wat-Targamah wan-Nashr.
(1945-55) Zuhr al-Islam [The Noon of Islam] 4 vols, Cairo: Lagnat at-Ta'lif wa't-Targamah wan Nashr.
(1948) Zuama al-Islah [The Leaders of Reformism], Maktabat an-Nahdah al-Misriyyah, Cario.
(1969) Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-' Arabi (the complete history of the Islamic intellectual movement).

Secondary literature:
Borruso, A. (1980) article in Oriente Moderno.
Craig A.J. (1955) 'Middle East Journal', IBLA (Algiers).
Mazyad, (1963) A.A.: Advocate of Social and Literary Reform in Egypt, Leiden: Brill.
Rizzitano, U.L. (1955) article in Oriente Moderno.
Shepard (1982) The Faith of a Modern Muslim Intellectual: A.A., New Dehli.

Despite his traditional training, Amin was an open-minded thinker and recognized the usefulness of Western methodology. His aim was the revival of the Islamic cultural heritage as a means to the intellectual and moral renewal of all Arab-Islamic peoples. He held advanced social ideas and was aware of the necessity to relate religious prescriptions to changing situations. Amin espoused Mutazilite rationalism and logic, preferring Mutazilites to philosophers because of their emphasis on (men of) faith. He acknowledged that a modernist awakening must be grounded on intellect and human free will, without immoderate resort to divine predestination. Amin's thought has exerted a powerful influence on Arab intellectuals.

Sources: G. Anawati (1982) Tendances et courants de l'Islam arabe contemporain, Munich: Kaiser & Grünewald; Archives of the Pontifical Inst. of Arabic Studies in Rome.

MASSIMO CAMPANINI


Amor Ruibal, Angel

Spanish, b: 1869, San Verismo de Barro (Pontevedra). d: 1930, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Cat:

-22-

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Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction vii
  • List of Abbreviated Sources xvi
  • List of Schools and Movements xxi
  • A 1
  • Main Publications: 19
  • Main Publications: 22
  • Main Publications: 24
  • Main Publications: 25
  • Main Publications: 29
  • B 41
  • Main Publications: 97
  • C - Cabral, Amilcar Lopes 119
  • Main Publications: 148
  • D 167
  • E 209
  • F 222
  • G 261
  • H 296
  • Main Publications: 323
  • Main Publications: 330
  • I 361
  • Main Publications: 365
  • J 370
  • Main Publications: 385
  • K 387
  • Main Publications: 405
  • Main Publications: 423
  • L 425
  • M 486
  • Main Publications: 491
  • Main Publications: 498
  • Main Publications: 540
  • N 558
  • Main Publications: 577
  • O 583
  • P 593
  • Main Publications: 605
  • Main Publications: 614
  • Main Publications: 626
  • Q 640
  • R 644
  • Main Publications: 657
  • S 690
  • Main Publications: 701
  • Main Publications: 704
  • T 764
  • U 795
  • V 800
  • W 817
  • Main Publications: 827
  • Main Publications: 833
  • Main Publications: 851
  • X 853
  • Y 857
  • Z 861
  • Guide to Schools and Movements 876
  • Bibliography 893
  • Nationality Index 903
  • Category Index 909
  • Index of Interests 918
  • Index of Influences 925
  • Index of People 936
  • Index of Subjects 945
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