Peruvian, b: 1893. d: 1974. Cat: Speculative metaphysician. Ints: Epistemology; aesthetics. Infls: Bergson, Blondel and Klages. Appts: Professor of the History of Philosophy, University of San Marcos, Lima (successor there to Deústua).
Iberico's thought is focused on the problems arising from the concepts of one and many, being and appearance. This is evident in his earlier works, where the study of Bergson led him to an endeavour to show the unity of metaphysics and aesthetics, which in his view have a common root. This unity is evident, he argues, in what he terms the sense of cosmic life ('sentimiento de la vida cósmica', cf. 1939). This sense is based on, but transcends, aesthetic experience.
These problems are given their most original treatment in the book of 1950, Iberico's major work. Here he argues that there are three ultimate ontological classes: being, which is being in-itself; appearance; and the reflection of appearance in consciousness. These classes are intimately related in the concrete structure of existence, and mutually imply and give rise to one another. Appearance has generally been regarded as a veil of Maya between the soul and being, an obstacle to be overcome, but for Iberico this view rests on a false understanding of the relation between being and appearance. Appearance is no mere epiphenomenon, but it is itself the mode of being of being, el modo de ser del ser (1950, p. 175), the universal language in which being expresses itself. On the question of why being should manifest itself as appearance, Iberico contends that inherent in being is a property of dynamism which has been variously labelled eros or caritas. An understanding of the movement from one to many, however, is not possible for the mind restricted to conceptual thought. Iberico contends that we can achieve an intuitive apprehension of what there is in its primitive authenticity.
Israeli, b: 1947, Timisoara, Romania. Cat: Philosopher of Jewish mysticism. Ints: Kabbalah; comparative religious philosophy; philosophy of language; anthropology. Educ: PhD, 1976, Hebrew University. Infls: Kabbalistic texts, Renaissance studies, the Jewish mystical tradition, comparative mysticism and Gershom Scholem. Appts: Lecturer, Associate Professor, then Professor, of Jewish Mysticism, Hebrew University, Jerusalem; Visiting Professor, Harvard University and the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1976.