Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers

By Stuart Brown; Diané Collinson et al. | Go to book overview

Main publications:
(1899) Christian Mysticism, London: Methuen.
(1906) Studies of English Mystics, London: John Murray.
(1907) Personal Idealism and Mysticism, London: Longmans.
(1918) The Philosophy of Plotinus, 2 vols, London: Longmans Green.
(1947) Mysticism in Religion, London: Hutchinson.

Secondary literature:
Geoghegan, W.D. (1951) Platonism in Recent Religious Thought, New York: Columbia University Press.
Helm, R.M. (1962) The Gloomy Dean: The Thought of William Ralph Inge, Winston-Salem, NC: Blair.
Matthews, W.R. (1961) in Dictionary of National Biography, 1951-60.
Micklem, N. (1963) Faith and Reason, London: Duckworth.

Inge made no distinction between philosophy and religion: 'If the perfectly real can alone be perfectly known, and if to know God, the perfectly real Being, is eternal life, the goal of philosophy is the same as the goal of religion-perfect knowledge of the Perfect' (CBPII, p. 191). This perspective explains how he saw in neo-Platonism, and especially in the philosophy of Plotinus, the best way for Christianity to avoid the perils of an arid rationalism, on the one hand, or a flight into irrationalism on the other. Inge's Christian Mysticism (1899) was widely read and 'important in that it opened up new ground and had a considerable influence on theological thinking' (Matthews 1971, p. 530). He stimulated a greater interest in mysticism which was reflected in the work of von Hügel and Evelyn Underhill.

Sources: A. Fox (1960) Dean Inge, London: John Murray; CBP II, pp. 189-211; W.R. Inge (1934) Vale, London: Longmans Green.


Ingénieras, José

Argentinian, b: 1877, Palermo, Sicily, d: 1925. Cat: Positivist; historian of ideas; moral philosopher; psychiatrist; social psychologist. Educ: Began his academic career as a medical student, specializing in psychiatry. Infls: Leopoldo Lugones, Manuel Ugarte and José Vasconcelos. Appts: Professor of Experimental Psychology, University of Buenos Aires; editor of Revis ta de filosofia, 1915-25.

Main publications:
(1911) Principios de psicologia.
(1917) El hombre mediocre; fifth edition, Buenos Aires: Losada, 1969.
(1917) Ensayos filosóficos, Madrid.
(1917) Hacia una moral sin dogmas: Lecciones sobre Emerson y el eticismo, Buenos Aires. (1918-20) La evolución de las ideas argentinas, 2 vols.
(1919) Obras completas, ed. and annotated by Anibal Ponce, 21 vols, Buenos Aires.
(1919) Hacia una moral sin dogmas; lecciones sobre el eticismo, second edition, Buenos Aires.
(1920) La psicopatología en el arte, second edition, Buenos Aires.
(1961) La evolución de las ideas argentinas, Buenos Aires: Editorial Futuro.
(1965) Las fuerzas morales, second edition, Buenos Aires: Losada.
The following English translations of excerpts of the work of José Ingénieras by Willard Trask appear in Aníbal Sánchez Reulet (ed.) (1954) Contemporary Latin American Philosophy, Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press:
'On an idealism based on experience', pp. 151-2.
'Common sense and good sense', pp. 152-3.
'Virtue and decency', pp. 153-5.
'For a future metaphysics', pp. 156-64.

Secondary literature:
Bagu, Sergio (1936) Vida ejemplar de José Ingenieros. Lipp, Solomon (1969) Three Argentine Thinkers. Van Der Karr, Jane (1977) José Ingenieras.

The Ingenieros family, whose original surname was Ingegneros, emigrated to Montevideo and eventually settled in Buenos Aires. Early in his career Ingenieros was attracted to Marxism and joined the Argentine Socialist Party shortly after it was founded. He coedited the socialist journal La montaña with writer Leopoldo Lugones in 1897, but the journal was short lived as Ingenieros became more deeply interested in philosophy. He was primarily influenced by positivism and theories of evolution, especially those of Spencer and Darwin. In his two-volume history of ideas in Argentina, Ingenieros applies positivist and evolutionary theories to Argentine history in an attempt to explain the tensions between colonial traditions and the forces of progress. His philosophical positions and interests broadened throughout his life. He edited the journal Revis ta de filosofia from 1915 to 1925. Ingenieros remained actively engaged in politics, however, until his death in 1925, the year in which an association called the Union Latinoamericano was formed with his help to protest against


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Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction vii
  • List of Abbreviated Sources xvi
  • List of Schools and Movements xxi
  • A 1
  • Main Publications: 19
  • Main Publications: 22
  • Main Publications: 24
  • Main Publications: 25
  • Main Publications: 29
  • B 41
  • Main Publications: 97
  • C - Cabral, Amilcar Lopes 119
  • Main Publications: 148
  • D 167
  • E 209
  • F 222
  • G 261
  • H 296
  • Main Publications: 323
  • Main Publications: 330
  • I 361
  • Main Publications: 365
  • J 370
  • Main Publications: 385
  • K 387
  • Main Publications: 405
  • Main Publications: 423
  • L 425
  • M 486
  • Main Publications: 491
  • Main Publications: 498
  • Main Publications: 540
  • N 558
  • Main Publications: 577
  • O 583
  • P 593
  • Main Publications: 605
  • Main Publications: 614
  • Main Publications: 626
  • Q 640
  • R 644
  • Main Publications: 657
  • S 690
  • Main Publications: 701
  • Main Publications: 704
  • T 764
  • U 795
  • V 800
  • W 817
  • Main Publications: 827
  • Main Publications: 833
  • Main Publications: 851
  • X 853
  • Y 857
  • Z 861
  • Guide to Schools and Movements 876
  • Bibliography 893
  • Nationality Index 903
  • Category Index 909
  • Index of Interests 918
  • Index of Influences 925
  • Index of People 936
  • Index of Subjects 945


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