Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers

By Stuart Brown; Diané Collinson et al. | Go to book overview

Main publications:
(1911) Problems in the Relations of God and Man, London: James Nisbet.
(1915) Studies in the History of Natural Theology, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
(1919) God and Personality, Aberdeen: University Studies.
(1920) Divine Personality and Human Life, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Secondary literature:
Anon. (1945) Bibliography, in C.C.J. Webb, Religious Experience, London: Oxford University Press.
Ross, W.D. (1955) 'Clement Charles Julian Webb, 1865-1954', Proceedings of the British Academy 41: 339-47.
Sell, A.P.F. (1988) The Philosophy of Religion 1875-1980, London: Croom Helm.
-(1995) Philosophical Idealism and Christian Belief, Cardiff: University of Wales Press and New York: St Martin's Press.

Although sometimes described as a 'personal idealist', Webb was an eclectic philosopher, responding to and drawing on a wide range of ancient and modern writers. He took from his teacher, Cook Wilson, a realism 'for which spirit is no less real than matter'. None the less he was closer to the absolute idealists than his friend Hastings Rashdall. He took up the controversy about individuality and personality in the first of his series of Gifford Lectures. He maintained (in God and Personality, 1919) that God cannot be finite but He is none the less personal. Webb was a prolific writer and capable of prodigious scholarship (as he proved with his editions of the writings of John of Salisbury). His skill and care in attending to the thoughts of others was valued by his pupils, including W.D.Ross. But his written work has been less influential.

Sources: DNB 1951-60; CBP II.


Weber, Max

German, b: 21 April 1864, Erfurt, Thuringia, Germany, d: 14 June 1920, Munich. Cat: Neo-Kantian; sociologist; social philosopher; philosopher of the social sciences. Ints: Philosophy of social science. Educ: Heidelberg, Berlin and Göttingen. Infls: Literary influences include Kant, Hegel and Dilthey; main personal influence, Wilhelm Rickert. Appts: Professor of Economics, Freiburg, 1894-6, Heidelberg, 1896-7; prolonged ill health prevented a full academic career; made 'Honorarprofessor' at Heidelberg, 1903; associate editor ofArchivfür Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik, from 1903; Professor of Sociology, Vienna, 1918; Professor of Economics, Munich, 1919-20.

Main publications:
(1930) The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, trans. Talcott Parsons, London: George Allen & Unwin; reissued, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1958.
(1947) From Max Weber, trans. H.H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills, New York: Oxford University Press.
(1949) On the Methodology of the Social Sciences, trans. and ed. E.A. Shils and H.A. Finch, Glencoe, Ill: The Free Press.
(1978) Weber: Selections, ed. W.G. Runciman and trans. Eric Matthews, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Secondary literature:
Hughes, H. Stuart (1958) Consciousness and Society, London: McGibbon & Kee, chapter 8.
Reinhard, Bendix (1966) Max Weber: An Intellectual Portrait, London: Methuen (contains bibliography).

Weber was not primarily a philosopher. The most philosophically interesting part of Weber's work is found in his reflections on the methods of the social sciences. He wanted the social sciences to be relevant to political and social issues, but thought it an ethical duty of the social scientist (as a scientist) to be 'value-free'. Science could tell us the most effective means to a given end but could not settle for us which ends we should choose. Choice of ends was a matter for a personal commitment, which a serious person must necessarily make, but there was a wide range of possible internally consistent value-systems between which to choose.

The distinctive feature of the social sciences was that they dealt with human behaviour to the extent that it is seen by the agent as having a meaning involving relations to others. The task of social science is to understand this meaning, with a view to formulating general laws of social behaviour (verstehende Soziologie or interpretative sociology). Explanations in social science must be adequate both at the level of meaning and at the causal level. To grasp the meaning of an action is not necessarily to share the agent's values; nor does the possibility of such 'understanding' (Verstehen) imply that the action is rational. It is possible, however, to construct 'ideal types' of perfectly rational behaviour,


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction vii
  • List of Abbreviated Sources xvi
  • List of Schools and Movements xxi
  • A 1
  • Main Publications: 19
  • Main Publications: 22
  • Main Publications: 24
  • Main Publications: 25
  • Main Publications: 29
  • B 41
  • Main Publications: 97
  • C - Cabral, Amilcar Lopes 119
  • Main Publications: 148
  • D 167
  • E 209
  • F 222
  • G 261
  • H 296
  • Main Publications: 323
  • Main Publications: 330
  • I 361
  • Main Publications: 365
  • J 370
  • Main Publications: 385
  • K 387
  • Main Publications: 405
  • Main Publications: 423
  • L 425
  • M 486
  • Main Publications: 491
  • Main Publications: 498
  • Main Publications: 540
  • N 558
  • Main Publications: 577
  • O 583
  • P 593
  • Main Publications: 605
  • Main Publications: 614
  • Main Publications: 626
  • Q 640
  • R 644
  • Main Publications: 657
  • S 690
  • Main Publications: 701
  • Main Publications: 704
  • T 764
  • U 795
  • V 800
  • W 817
  • Main Publications: 827
  • Main Publications: 833
  • Main Publications: 851
  • X 853
  • Y 857
  • Z 861
  • Guide to Schools and Movements 876
  • Bibliography 893
  • Nationality Index 903
  • Category Index 909
  • Index of Interests 918
  • Index of Influences 925
  • Index of People 936
  • Index of Subjects 945


Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 947

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search


    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.