Italian, b: 2 August 1875, Verona, d: 8 August 1950, Verona. Cat: Philosopher of knowledge; philosopher of religion. Educ: University of Padua. Appts: Professor of Criteriology and Gnoseology, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuure, Milan, 1921-31; Visiting Professorships at Padua, 1935-6, 1941-2.
Zamboni's philosophy lies within, although it has important differences from, the vast apparatus of neoscholasticism. The aim of all his meditations was to solve the problem of the immediate foundations of all our knowledge. He distinguishes a field of experience that is sensory and rooted in feeling and a field of experience that is supersensible and intellectual. The first consists of sense data, feelings and images of both of these, all of which appear as objects to the perceiver. The second consists of experiences of the self, the experience of assent and dissent and the acts of abstraction and analysis. The experience of the self is central, being the sole experience of substance. The experience of the self is the basis of the distinction between the I and the not-I and is the necessary condition for the abstraction of concepts and universalization. Zamboni appropriates and analyses the Thomistic notion of substance as actus essendi or existential energy on the basis of which he can defend the doctrine of creation. Zamboni also applies his method to the analysis of aesthetics and ethics.
Spanish, b: 1907, Vélez-Málaga, Spain, d: 1991, Madrid. Cat: Ratio-vialist; existentialist. Ints: Philosophy of literature; philosophy of religion. Educ: University of Madrid. Infls: Bergson, Ortega y Gasset and Unamuno. Appts: Professor of Philosophy, 1939, Universidad de Morelia (Mexico); 1941-53, Professor, Universidad and Instituto de Altos Estudios, Havana; lived in Rome (1953-4) and then Jura (from 1964) devoted to study.