European Union: Power and Policy-Making

By Jeremy J. Richardson | Go to book overview

Brussels and the member countries. There are cycles of optimism and pessimism in EU politics, but this apparent imbalance at the two ends of the policy cycle may be a continuing policy-making problem.


NOTES
1
This analysis is based on the rather conventional 'stages' view of the policy process often associated with the work of Charles O. Jones (1983). It assumes a linear process moving from agenda-setting through implementation and evaluation. Especially given the complexities of politics within the EC we should expect some aspects of the process to be decidedly non-linear.
2
The need to fight at this stage may be minimised because of the control which national governments retain over implementation (Siedentopf and Ziller 1988).
3
As Rose and others point out this rarely works as smoothly in practice as it does in the theory.
4
The exception is France that has been described as 'semi-presidential' (Duverger 1980), but which also has definite traits of a parliamentary regime.
5
The principle of subsidiarity tends to provide more opportunity for implementation through sub-national governments. This is particularly true where those governments are well-developed and already powerful, as in Germany.

REFERENCES

a
Adler, E. (1992) 'The Emergence of Cooperation: National Epistemic Communities and the International Evolution of the idea of Nuclear Arms Control', International Organisation 46, 101-146.
Allison, G.T. (1971) The Essence of Decision (Boston: Little, Brown).

b
Bachrach, P. and Baratz, M. (1962) 'The Two Faces of Power', American Political Science Review 56, 947-952.
Barber, L. (1993) 'The Towering Bureaucracy', Financial Times 21 June.
Baumgartner, F.R. and Jones, B.D. (1993) Agendas and Instability in American Politics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).
Best, J. (1989) Images of Issues (Berlin: De Gruyter).
Burley, A.-M. and Mattli, W. (1993) 'Europe Before the Court: A Political Theory of Legal Integration', International Organisation 47, 41-76.
Butler, F. (1993) 'The EC's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)', in Lodge, J. (ed.) The EuropeanCommunity and the Challenge of Europe (New York: St Martin's).

c
Christoph, J.B. (1993) 'The Effects of Britons in Brussels: The European Community and the Culture of Whitehall', Governance 6, 518-537.
Cobb, R.W. and Elder, C.D. (1983) Participation in American Politics (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press).
Cohen, M.D., March, J.G. and Olsen, J.P. (1972) 'A Garbage Can Model of Organisational Choice', Administrative Science Quarterly, 17, 1-25.
Cram, L. (1994) 'The European Commission as a Multi-Organization: Social Policy and IT Policy in the EU', Journal of European Public Policy 1, 195-217.

d
Donnelley, M. (1993) 'The Structure of the European Commission and the Policy Formulation Process', in Mazey, S. and Richardson, J.J. (eds) Lobbying in the European Community (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
Duverger, M. (1980) 'A New Political Systems Model: Semi-Presidential Government', EuropeanJournal of Political Research 8, 165-187.

e
Eisner, M.A. (1991) Antitrust and the Triumph of Economics: Institutions, Expertise and PolicyChange (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press).

g
Gardner, D. (1992) 'EC Commission Faces a Bruising Shake-Up', Financial Times 23 September.

h
Haas, E.B. (1990) When Knowledge is Power (Berkeley: University of California Press).
Hancher, L., Molle, W.T.M., Ter Kulle, B.H. and Van Schendelen, M.P.C.M. (1993) 'Bargained Administration in Europe', unpublished paper, Rotterdam, Erasmus University, November.
Hargrove, E. (1987) Leadership and Innovation; A Biographical Perspective on Entrepreneurs inGovernment (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press).

-74-

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European Union: Power and Policy-Making
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Preface ix
  • Part I - Theoretical and Historical Perspectives 1
  • 1 - Policy-Making in the Eu 3
  • 2 - The Development of the European Idea 24
  • Notes 38
  • 3 - Integration Theory and the Study of the European Policy Process 40
  • Notes 55
  • References 56
  • Part 2 - Agenda-Setting and Institutional Processing 59
  • 4 - Agenda-Setting in the European Union 61
  • Notes 74
  • 5 - A Maturing Bureaucracy? 77
  • References 92
  • 6 - From Co-Operation to Co-Decision 96
  • 7 - National Sovereignty Vs Integration? 127
  • Notes 145
  • 8 - The National Co-Ordination of European Policy-Making 148
  • References 165
  • 9 - The Court of Justice and the European Policy Process 170
  • References 183
  • Part 3 - Channels of Representation 185
  • 10 - European Elections and the European Voter 187
  • 11 - The Logic of Organisation Interest Groups 200
  • Note 214
  • 12 - By-Passing the Nation State? Regions and the Eu Policy Process 216
  • Part 4 - A Supranational State? 231
  • 13 - Enlarging the European Union 233
  • Notes 244
  • 14 - The Eu as an International Actor 247
  • 15 - A European Regulatory State? 263
  • References 276
  • 16 - Eroding Eu Policies 278
  • References 293
  • Index 295
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