European Union: Power and Policy-Making

By Jeremy J. Richardson | Go to book overview

12

By-passing the nation state? Regions andthe EU policy process

Michael Keating and Liesbet Hooghe

INTRODUCTION

European integration and regionalism are two developments which are altering the architecture of the western European state. Their combined effects have created new forms of politics. Much has been written on the Europe of the regions (Petschen 1993) which some observers think, or hope, will rival or even displace the Europe of states. Others have written of new forms of 'multilevel governance' (Scharpf 1994; Marks 1992, 1993) or third-level politics (Bullman 1994). In this chapter we examine the emergence of the region in the context of the state and of the European Union. Then we look at the links between regions and the EU and the influence of regions in EU policy-making. We find that, rather than a new and ordered territorial hierarchy, there is a complex mixture of different territorial units. Policy continues to be focused on the state, but this is penetrated by European and regional influences.


REGIONS AND REGIONALISM IN WESTERN EUROPE

The emergence of the region as a level of politics and government has been a response to impulses from 'below' and from 'above. States have regionalised their systems of government in the pursuit of modernisation and rationalisation. From the 1960s, they have engaged in regional policies aimed at correcting territorial imbalances in economic development. Diversionary policies based on fiscal incentives gradually gave way to more elaborate forms of regional planning, involving the state and regionally-based political and economic actors. From below, there have been demands for decentralisation in the name of efficiency and democracy, and for recognition of the historic and cultural specificities of regions and minority nations. The interplay between top-down and bottom-up regionalism produced its own dynamic. Regions discovered their own territorial identities, encouraged by state policies which invited them to articulate their demands in spatial terms. For their part, states sought to control the evolution of regionalism, engaging in ever more elaborate forms of territorial management, including spatial development policies, administrative and, in some cases political, decentralisation, systems of intergovernmental co-operation, clientelism and policy differentiation. In some cases, the effort to balance state needs with the emerging regional politics produced a crisis of territorial representation, especially where the new territorial politics coincided with a crisis of the national party system or the central regime (Keating 1988).

-216-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
European Union: Power and Policy-Making
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Preface ix
  • Part I - Theoretical and Historical Perspectives 1
  • 1 - Policy-Making in the Eu 3
  • 2 - The Development of the European Idea 24
  • Notes 38
  • 3 - Integration Theory and the Study of the European Policy Process 40
  • Notes 55
  • References 56
  • Part 2 - Agenda-Setting and Institutional Processing 59
  • 4 - Agenda-Setting in the European Union 61
  • Notes 74
  • 5 - A Maturing Bureaucracy? 77
  • References 92
  • 6 - From Co-Operation to Co-Decision 96
  • 7 - National Sovereignty Vs Integration? 127
  • Notes 145
  • 8 - The National Co-Ordination of European Policy-Making 148
  • References 165
  • 9 - The Court of Justice and the European Policy Process 170
  • References 183
  • Part 3 - Channels of Representation 185
  • 10 - European Elections and the European Voter 187
  • 11 - The Logic of Organisation Interest Groups 200
  • Note 214
  • 12 - By-Passing the Nation State? Regions and the Eu Policy Process 216
  • Part 4 - A Supranational State? 231
  • 13 - Enlarging the European Union 233
  • Notes 244
  • 14 - The Eu as an International Actor 247
  • 15 - A European Regulatory State? 263
  • References 276
  • 16 - Eroding Eu Policies 278
  • References 293
  • Index 295
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 300

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.