European Union: Power and Policy-Making

By Jeremy J. Richardson | Go to book overview

15

A European regulatory state?

Giandomenico Majone

THE STATE IN MODERN POLITICAL ECONOMY

The aim of this chapter is to show that it is analytically useful to think of the European Union (EU) as a 'regulatory state'. Such a characterisation is not meant to be either a legal definition or an anticipation of future political developments towards statehood. As Friedrich Nietzsche once said, nothing that has a history can be defined, and conceptions of the state have changed repeatedly in the course of European history. Rather than proposing a new definition of the EU or discussing whether this sui generis system meets some minimal requirements of statehood, therefore, this chapter analyses the Union in terms familiar to students of the role of the state in advanced market economies.

Now, modern politico-economic theories of the state distinguish three main forms of public intervention: redistribution, macro-economic stabilisation, and regulation. The redistribution function includes all transfers of resources from one social group to another, as well as the provision of 'merit goods', that is, goods such as elementary education or publicly financed medical care, that the government compels individuals to consume. The stabilisation function is concerned with the preservation of satisfactory levels of economic growth, employment, and price stability. It includes fiscal and monetary policy, labour market policy, and industrial policy. Finally, the regulatory function attempts to correct various forms of 'market failure': monopoly power, negative externalities, failures of information, or insufficient provision of public goods such as law and order or environmental protection.

Naturally, all modern states engage in redistribution, in macro-economic stabilisation, and in regulation. However, the relative importance of these functions varies from country to country and, for the same country, in different historical periods. Thus, until recently most European countries attached greater political significance to redistribution and to economic stabilisation and development than to the correction of market failures through economic and social regulation. These priorities are reflected in labels like 'welfare state', which emphasises the redistributive function of the state, and 'Keynesian state', which emphasises the stabilisation function.

On the other hand, American scholars often refer to the federal government as a 'regulatory state' (see, for example, Seidman and Gilmour 1986; Sunstein 1990; Rose-Ackerman 1992). This terminology-a neologism in Europe-indicates that in the United States the regulatory function has been historically more important than the other two functions. In fact, prior to F.D. Roosevelt's New Deal and to the fiscal revolution that took

-263-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
European Union: Power and Policy-Making
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Preface ix
  • Part I - Theoretical and Historical Perspectives 1
  • 1 - Policy-Making in the Eu 3
  • 2 - The Development of the European Idea 24
  • Notes 38
  • 3 - Integration Theory and the Study of the European Policy Process 40
  • Notes 55
  • References 56
  • Part 2 - Agenda-Setting and Institutional Processing 59
  • 4 - Agenda-Setting in the European Union 61
  • Notes 74
  • 5 - A Maturing Bureaucracy? 77
  • References 92
  • 6 - From Co-Operation to Co-Decision 96
  • 7 - National Sovereignty Vs Integration? 127
  • Notes 145
  • 8 - The National Co-Ordination of European Policy-Making 148
  • References 165
  • 9 - The Court of Justice and the European Policy Process 170
  • References 183
  • Part 3 - Channels of Representation 185
  • 10 - European Elections and the European Voter 187
  • 11 - The Logic of Organisation Interest Groups 200
  • Note 214
  • 12 - By-Passing the Nation State? Regions and the Eu Policy Process 216
  • Part 4 - A Supranational State? 231
  • 13 - Enlarging the European Union 233
  • Notes 244
  • 14 - The Eu as an International Actor 247
  • 15 - A European Regulatory State? 263
  • References 276
  • 16 - Eroding Eu Policies 278
  • References 293
  • Index 295
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 300

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.