Philosophy of Science, Logic, and Mathematics in the Twentieth Century

By Stuart G. Shanker | Go to book overview

something only if he can choose to do it; but this is not the case with approval. If you give me suitable reasons, I may come to see that X is wrong; but I cannot do so at will, in response to an imperative.

The connection with reasons was, however, denied by Stevenson. He admitted that 'a man's willingness to say that X is good, and hence to express his approval, will depend partly on his beliefs', but pointed out that 'his reasons do not "entail" his expression of approval' ([5.26], 67). Now this is true enough; indeed, it is not clear in what sense an expression can be 'entailed'. But it remains the case that on the basis of suitable reasons I may come to see (recognize, know it to be a fact) that X is wrong and ought not to be done. If such facts do not conform to the reductionist programme of logical empiricism, then it may be the programme that should be questioned, rather than the status of moral facts.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Texts by Logical Positivists and Related Writers
5.1 Ayer, A.J.Language, Truth and Logic, 1936. Penguin, 1971.
5.2--The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge, Macmillan, 1940.
5.3--Philosophical Essays, Macmillan, 1965.
5.4 Bridgman, P.W. The Logic of Modern Physics, Macmillan, 1927.
5.5 Carnap, R. 'Überwindung der Metaphysik durch logische Analyse der Sprache', Erkenntnis, 1931.
5.6--Der Logische Aufbau der Welt, F. Meiner, 1962.
5.7--The Unity of Science, transl. M. Black, Kegan Paul, 1934.
5.8--Philosophy and Logical Syntax, Kegan Paul, 1935.
5.9--The Logical Syntax of Language, trans. A. Smeaton, Routledge, 1937.
5.10--'Testability and Meaning', H. Feigl (ed.) Readings in the Philosophy of Science, Appleton, 1953.
5.11 Hempel, C. 'Some Remarks on Facts and Propositions', Analysis 1935.
5.12--'On the Logical Positivists' Theory of Truth', Analysis 1935.
5.13--Fundamentals of Concept Formation in Empirical Science, Chicago 1952.
5.14--Aspects of Scientific Explanation, Collier, 1965.
5.15 Juhos, B. 'Empiricism and Physicalism', Analysis 1935.
5.16 Moore, G.E., 'Wittgenstein's Lectures in 1930-33,' G.E. Moore, Philosophical Papers, Allen & Unwin, 1959.
5.17 Neurath, O. 'Protocol Sentences', in O. Hanfling (ed.) Essential Readings in Logical Positivism, Blackwell, 1981.
5.18--The Scientific Conception of the World-The Vienna Circle', M. Neurath and R.S. Cohen (eds) Otto Neurath: Empiricism and Sociology, Reidel, 1973.
5.19--Foundations of the Unity of Science, Vols I and II, University of Chicago Press, 1969.

-210-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Philosophy of Science, Logic, and Mathematics in the Twentieth Century
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • General Editors' Preface vii
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Chronology xv
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 8
  • Chapter 1 - Philosophy of Logic 9
  • Bibliography 39
  • Chapter 2 - Philosophy of Mathematics in the Twentieth Century 50
  • Chapter 3 - Frege 124
  • Bibliography 153
  • Chapter 4 - Wittgenstein's Tractatus 157
  • Notes 187
  • Chapter 5 - Logical Positivism 193
  • Bibliography 210
  • Chapter 6 - The Philosophy of Physics 214
  • Bibliography 233
  • Chapter 7 - The Philosophy of Science Today 235
  • Chapter 8 - Chance, Cause and Conduct: Probability Theory and the Explanation of Human Action 266
  • Chapter 9 - Cybernetics 292
  • Bibliography 313
  • Chapter 10 - Descartes' Legacy: the Mechanist/Vitalist Debates 315
  • Notes 366
  • Glossary 376
  • Index 444
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 461

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.