An Historical Study of English: Function, Form, and Change

By Jeremy Smith | Go to book overview
5.6 The Great Vowel Shift: Chaucer's descendants 103
5.7 John Hart's system (1569) 105
5.8 The Great Vowel Shift in East Anglia: pre-Shift 107
6.1 Ullmann's triangle 115
6.2 Signifiant and signifié: variational space 119
6.3 Third-person pronouns in Late West Saxon and Present-Day English 128
6.4 Restructuring the relationship between lexicon and semantics over time (after Samuels, priv. comm.) 138
7.1 Weak masculine and feminine declensions in Old English 145
7.2 Weak masculine and feminine declensions in Gothic 145
7.3 The Old English strong masculine declension 146
7.4 Incipient restructuring of the Old English determiner system (after Samuels 1972:156; see further Jones 1988) 148
7.5 Changes in the formal expression of the subjunctive mood (simplified diagram) 152
7.6 The Gallehus Horn inscription 157
8.1 The linguistic situation of an individual with weak social ties, living in Scotland 168
8.2 Linguistic features distinguishing Older Scots and Northern Middle English (after Jordan 1974:18) 180
8.3 'IS' 'ARE', and 'SUCH' in later Middle English: schematised distribution of selected forms (cf. LALME 1986, Vol. I, dot maps 134, 121 and 72) 181
8.4 'STAR' in late medieval English (after McIntosh 1973) 182
8.5 Geographical recession of kirk 'CHURCH' over time 184
8.6 Responses from informants to the query 'Sometimes toothache may get so bad that you think you can hardly…' (after Glauser 1974:99) 185
8.7 Schematic representation of two processes of linguistic diffusion (after Smith 1994b) 186

PLATES
1 MS London, British Library, Harley 7334, fol. 58r 62
2 MS Cambridge, Trinity College R.3.2, fol. 83v 64

-ix-

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An Historical Study of English: Function, Form, and Change
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations viii
  • Plates ix
  • Preface x
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Symbols and Signs, Mainly Phonetic xvi
  • Part I 1
  • 1 - Introduction 3
  • 2 - On Evidence 13
  • 3 - Linguistic Evolution 39
  • Part II 53
  • 4 - Transmission I: Change in Writing-System 55
  • 5 - Transmission Ii: Sound-Change 79
  • 6 - Change in the Lexicon 112
  • 7 - Grammatical Change 141
  • Part III 163
  • 8 - Two Varieties in Context 165
  • 9 - Conclusion 194
  • Notes 197
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 201
  • References 207
  • Index 216
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