Natural Disasters and Development: In a Globalizing World

By Mark Pelling | Go to book overview

authority in domestic and international spheres?). Strategic decision-making needs to be cognizant of local priorities, risks and scope for adaptation. Empowering local actors - community groups or local government - needs to be undertaken within a framework that links the local to the national and global. Providing institutional frameworks for timely information flow between international-level scientists and individuals having to cope with environmental risk amidst global change is perhaps the core challenge for natural disasters studies over the medium term. Disasters specialists are not alone in this endeavour and it dovetails into calls for revision of global/local systems of environmental governance and for reform of the relationship between political institutions and private sector actors (for example, in the WTO).

There is great scope for academic researchers, activists and policy-makers to feed into this ongoing process of disaster-development integration. The four themes identified in this concluding section offer potential starting points for academic contributions, with political ecology and complexity theory being well placed to provide theoretical and methodological frameworks. Of course it is likely that there are many more ways in which analyses of social and environmental change in the context of global flows and local contexts can inform disaster studies, and we hope that this book might at least contribute to debate from which new directions of analysis and policy will emerge.


References
Adger, W.N. (2001) 'Scales of governance and environmental justice for adaptation and mitigation of climate change', Journal of International Development 13, 921-931.
Adger, W.N., Brown, K., Fairbrass, J., Jordan, A., Paavola, J., Rosendo, S. and Seyfang, G. (2002) Governance for Sustainability: Towards a 'Thick' Understanding of Environmental Decision Making, CSERGE Working Paper No. EDM 02-04, University of East Anglia.
Arnold, D. (1996) The Problem of Nature: Environment, Culture and European Expansion, Oxford: Blackwell.
Blaikie, P., Cannon, T., Davis, I. and Wisner, B. (1994) At Risk: Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability and Disasters, London: Routledge.
Cash, D.W. and Moser, S.C. (2000) 'Linking global and local scales: designing dynamic assessment and management processes', Global Environmental Change 10, 109-120.
Crawford, J. (1999) 'Second report on state responsibility', UN General Assembly A/CN.4/498, New York: United Nations.
Gregory, D. (2001) The Colonial Present, Oxford: Blackwell.
Haraway, D. (1989) Primitive Visions: Gender, Race and Nature in the World of Modern Science, London: Routledge.
International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC/RC) (1998) World Disasters Report 1998, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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