Driving Emissions to Zero: Are the Benefits of California's Zero Emission Vehicle Program Worth the Costs?

By Lloyd Dixon; Isaac Porche et al. | Go to book overview

CONTENTS
Prefaceiii
Figuresvii
Tablesix
Summaryxi
Acknowledgmentsxxi
Abbreviationsxxiii
1. CALIFORNIA'S AIR POLLUTION PROBLEM AND THE ZEV PROGRAM1
1.1. ZEV Program2
1.2. State of the Debate on ZEV Program3
1.3. This Study's Contribution6
1.4. Research Approach6
1.5. Report Organization7
2. OZONE REDUCTION PLAN FOR THE SOUTH COAST AIR BASIN9
2.1. Regulatory Responsibility for Reducing Emissions in the South Coast Air Basin9
2.2. Target Emission Levels in the South Coast10
2.3. Strategy for Meeting Emission Reduction Targets12
2.4. Cost-Effectiveness of Recent and Expected Regulations17
3. TECHNOLOGIES FOR MEETING ZEV PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS AND PRODUCTION VOLUME ESTIMATES21
3.1. Technologies for Meeting ZEV Program Requirements21
3.2. Production Volumes Used in Cost Analysis24
4. VEHICLE PRODUCTION AND LIFECYCLE COST31
4.1. Key Vehicle Components31
4.2. Overview of Factors that Cause Costs to Decline36
4.3. Component Costs of Battery-Powered Electric Vehicles and Gasoline Hybrid Electric Vehicles38
4.4. Component Costs of Direct Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Vehicles50
4.5. PZEV Costs57
4.6. Incremental Vehicle Production Costs58
4.7. Incremental Lifecycle Costs61
5. EMISSION BENEFITS OF VEHICLES THAT SATISFY ZEV PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS75
5.1. Vehicle Emissions75
5.2. Vehicle Emissions in Perspective78

-v-

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