Foreign Direct Investment in Russia: A Strategy for Industrial Recovery

By Paul Fischer | Go to book overview

In spite of growing competition, Russia stands a good chance of attracting significant technologies and know-how through FDI, but it must move rapidly to reform FDI mechanisms. Valuable investments may otherwise be lost during these crucial years when TNCs are taking decisions on foreign investments. Opportunities lost to competing economies will impact negatively on Russia's economic stability during its critical transition phase.

Russia must take its main challengers seriously. Practically all LEM governments strive to attract FDI from all important source regions. Knowing that most companies can commit human and financial resources to only one country at a time, 51 governments strive to improve their 'pitch' with customized incentive packages. In addition, Russia can build a highly competitive position by also upgrading its human resources.


Notes
1
For information on other recipient countries, see Chapter 3.2.
2
For types of FDI, see Appendix: Definitions and Explanatory Notes.
3
See Chapter 3.3.3.
4
The combined population of the six LEMs is almost 3 billion.
5
If current growth rates persist, the combined GDP of the six LEMs will attain the level of US$8500–9000 billion at the turn of the century.
6
On the basis of GDP measured in PPP.
7
By 1998–99, the combined global export share of the six LEMs will roughly correspond to that of the United States (around 11 per cent).
8
See also Parts III and IV.
9
Chapter 14.
10
Chapter 5.
11
Chapters 3.4 and 9.3.
12
Chapter 14.2.
13
However, it is a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Council (APEC), a loose grouping uniting practically all the countries bordering the Pacific.
14
Chapter 2.3.
15
Chapters 12.3 and 13.2.
16
Chapter 13.4.
17
Chapter 12.3.
18
Chapter 9.3.2.
19
India is the leading LEM for software development.
20
Maquiladora industries were originally set up in border regions with the United States to offer foreign investors special tax allowances and other incentives. See also Chapter 7.5.4.
21
Chapter 1.9.
22
Including vendor agreements with large TNCs, who are already their clients in home markets.
23
China can be considered to have attained phase 3 of the IDP, which is characterized by high inward FDI in a number of sectors coupled with still small but growing volumes of capital exports.
24
In terms of FDI.
25
In terms of labour, taxes and raw materials.

-375-

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Foreign Direct Investment in Russia: A Strategy for Industrial Recovery
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • List of Figures xiv
  • List of Tables xviii
  • List of Boxes xx
  • List of Maps xxi
  • Foreword xxiii
  • Preface xxv
  • A Word from the Author xxvii
  • List of Acronyms xxix
  • Introduction: Background and Rationale of the Study 1
  • Notes 13
  • Part I - Fdi Theories and Policy Implications 17
  • 1 - Overview of Main Fdi Theories 19
  • Notes 44
  • Part II - Global Fdi Potential and Opportunities for the Russian Economy 47
  • 2 - Determinants of Global Fdi 51
  • Notes 76
  • 3 - Global Fdi Trends 79
  • Notes 114
  • 4 - Tncs as Global Investors 116
  • Notes 130
  • Annex 4.1 the World's Top 100 Tncs Ranked by Foreign Assets, 1996 132
  • Annex 4.2 Top 50 Tncs of Emerging Economies, 1996 138
  • Part III - Fdi as the Catalyst for Industrial Transformation in Selected Large Emerging Markets 143
  • 5 - Fdi Policies and Prospects in China 147
  • Notes 194
  • 6 - Fdi Policies and Prospects in India 197
  • Notes 237
  • 7 - Fdi Policies and Prospects in Mexico 241
  • Notes 269
  • Part IV - Russia's Key Industries and Fdi Achievements in the 1990s 273
  • 8 - Russia's Economic and Industrial Performance During Transition 274
  • Notes 313
  • 9 - Salient Features of Fdi in Russia 315
  • Notes 336
  • Part V - Towards a Long-Term Fdi Strategy for Russia 339
  • 10 - Strategic State Guidance for Fdi 341
  • Notes 354
  • 11 - Russia and Its Competitor Lems 356
  • Notes 375
  • 12 - The Competitiveness of Russian Industry at the Threshold of the Twenty-First Century 377
  • Notes 403
  • 13 - Fdi Sourcing Potential in the World's Leading Economies 405
  • Notes 449
  • 14 - Strategic Target Setting for Russian Fdi During 2000–05 452
  • Notes 461
  • Part VI - Policy Instruments for Enhancing Fdi During 2000–05 463
  • Notes 465
  • 15 - Framework Conditions for Foreign Investors 467
  • Notes 478
  • 16 - Fdi-Related Policy Instruments 481
  • Notes 528
  • 17 - Institution-Building and Fdi Agenda 534
  • Notes 547
  • Appendix: Definitions and Explanatory Notes 549
  • Bibliography and Selected Reading 557
  • Index 565
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