|a) Spatial - to ensure that the different levels of policy, from national through regional and metropolitan to local, are consistent with each other. The policies of the local areas within the metropolitan region also need to be integrated.|
|b) Functional - the different land uses and activities that combine and interact in a strategy have to be linked, e.g. housing, transport, economic development and environmental sustainability.|
|c) Sectoral - the intentions and resources of the public, private and voluntary sectors need to be brought together to maximise the coherence of the strategic policy and ease its implementation.|
This coordination task requires special institutional structures if it is to be fulfilled. There have been considerable changes in these structures in European metropolitan regions in recent years. The key issue for this research is the extent to which these governmental changes aid or hinder the process of coordination in the production of metropolitan spatial policy.
Therefore the principal questions for the research on each city are: is there a mismatch between the coordination of strategic policy and the structures of governance? How did arrangements of governance evolve and how did they influence the process of coordination? Drawing together the results for each city, it is then asked: what are the similarities and differences in the policy/governance relationship between cities? How far are these effectuated by national differences? Are some changes in governance better able to contribute to strategic coordination than others?
In order to explore these relationships, experts from the 19 regions analyse the spatial development patterns of their region by determining the emerging spatial