Changing Direction: British Military Planning for Post-War Strategic Defence, 1942-1947

By Julian Lewis | Go to book overview

INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION

Changing Direction was published in 1988 on the basis of research completed in 1981. In the seven years before publication, little or no new primary material had been released. Documents closed for 50 years remained closed. Retained material remained retained. In one notable case-Operation 'UNTHINKABLE'-lost material remained lost. In more than a decade since publication, however, it has become possible to fill several small, but significant gaps in the story of the origins of post-war defence planning. In this period, too, occasional references to Changing Direction in a variety of studies-by Peter Hennessy (Never Again, 1992), Correlli Barnett (The Lost Victory, 1995), David Cesarani (Justice Delayed, 1992), Tom Bower (The Red Web, 1989), the late R.V. Jones (Reflections on Intelligence, 1989) and Norman Friedman (The Fifty-Year War, 2000)-indicated that it might be worth updating the work. Most recently, two excellent volumes on post-war British intelligence-Richard Aldrich's The Hidden Hand (2001) and Sir Percy Cradock's Know Your Enemy (2002)-have explicitly drawn on Changing Direction as a specialist source. All this has encouraged me to expand it and bring it before a wider audience. I am grateful to Frank Cass and Mick Read for making this possible.

When the first edition was published, the United Kingdom was still locked into the closing stages of the Cold War. Since its end, there has been an acceleration of releases of formerly withheld material. Most of those references on pages 411-42 listed as 'closed' or 'retained' (and all those to which 'special access' was given, as they were overdue for release in the early 1980s) are now freely available at the Public Record Office. It had been possible to write the book by finding individual copies of withheld documents buried in Departmental subject-files, most notably the closed Joint Technical Warfare Committee papers in DEFE 2/1251-2 and the retained Overall Strategic Plan papers in CAB 21/2096. Yet, it

-xxv-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Changing Direction: British Military Planning for Post-War Strategic Defence, 1942-1947
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Note on Formerly Withheld Documents ix
  • List of Plates x
  • Foreword xiii
  • Acknowledgements xvii
  • Abbreviations xviii
  • Preface to the First Edition xxi
  • Introduction to the Second Edition xxv
  • 1 - The Foreign Office Origins of Post-War Strategic Planning 1942 1
  • 2 - The Military Sub-Committee 1942-43 17
  • 3 - The Post-Hostilities Planning Sub-Committee 1943-44 55
  • 4 - The Post-Hostilities Planning Staff 1944-45 98
  • 5 - The Joint Technical Warfare Committee and the Future Nature of Warfare 1945-46 178
  • 6 - The Joint Planning Staff and an Approved Defence Strategy 1945-47 242
  • Appendix 1 340
  • Appendix 2 345
  • Appendix 3 349
  • Appendix 4 354
  • Appendix 5 357
  • Appendix 6 359
  • Appendix 7 370
  • Appendix 8 388
  • References 411
  • Index 443
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 475

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.