Changing Direction: British Military Planning for Post-War Strategic Defence, 1942-1947

By Julian Lewis | Go to book overview

4

THE POST-HOSTILITIES PLANNING STAFF 1944-45

1.

The 'Basic Assumptions' Controversy

The V.C.O.S. meeting of 25 May which gave general approval to the Western Mediterranean and A.D.G.B. studies and first considered the Russian appreciation also set events in train which polarised relations between the Foreign Office and the P.H.P. Directors within a few weeks of their appointment. Now that post-war strategic studies were beginning to appear on a regular basis, it was felt that special measures would be needed to ensure that

no misunderstandings should arise over the status of these post-war papers…which were being made now so that the Chiefs of Staff would be in a position to give military advice at reasonably short notice when called upon to do so.

They in no way suggested what final policy should be and

inevitably included political assumptions and other factors not strictly military in character which were essential to a proper consideration of the military problem but which might at any time require revision. Though appearing over the Chiefs of Staff's signatures they were in fact nothing but Higher Staff studies possessing in their present form no governmental authority and unsuitable for anything but selective circulatioa. 1

Hollis consequently produced a memorandum on 27 May restricting the normal circulation of long-term strategic appreciations to within the Chiefs of Staff organisation. Exceptions would be made only in

1. COS(44)172nd Mtg (0)(1)

-98-

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Changing Direction: British Military Planning for Post-War Strategic Defence, 1942-1947
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Note on Formerly Withheld Documents ix
  • List of Plates x
  • Foreword xiii
  • Acknowledgements xvii
  • Abbreviations xviii
  • Preface to the First Edition xxi
  • Introduction to the Second Edition xxv
  • 1 - The Foreign Office Origins of Post-War Strategic Planning 1942 1
  • 2 - The Military Sub-Committee 1942-43 17
  • 3 - The Post-Hostilities Planning Sub-Committee 1943-44 55
  • 4 - The Post-Hostilities Planning Staff 1944-45 98
  • 5 - The Joint Technical Warfare Committee and the Future Nature of Warfare 1945-46 178
  • 6 - The Joint Planning Staff and an Approved Defence Strategy 1945-47 242
  • Appendix 1 340
  • Appendix 2 345
  • Appendix 3 349
  • Appendix 4 354
  • Appendix 5 357
  • Appendix 6 359
  • Appendix 7 370
  • Appendix 8 388
  • References 411
  • Index 443
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