|• the constellation of actors, interests, strategies, the 'will and skill' of relevant actors;|
|• the institutional 'starting conditions' impinging upon the take-off of the transformation process as 'endogenous' factors, including the institutional and cognitive 'legacies' from the communist past which can amount to 'path-dependencies' that shape the further institutional trajectory;|
|• and external ('exogenous') factors (such as actors, political pressure, but also ideas 'from outside') impacting on the institutional development.|
This conceptualisation of the institutional transformation can be related to 'neo-institutionalism', 2 the 'historical variant of which tends to turn the analytical lens at the institutional and cognitive legacies and its structural imprints, while its 'actor-centred' variant would be inclined to analytically concentrate on actor constellations and their 'voluntaristic' discretion and situational contingency.
In analysing and discussing the institutional transformation of post-socialist countries, East Germany has been interpreted as a specific, if not unique case (Sonderfall).3 This is because in East Germany the collapse of the
Hellmut Wollmann, Humboldt University-Berlin