Decision-Making in Environmental Health: From Evidence to Action

By C. Corvalán; D. Briggs et al. | Go to book overview

primarily for exploratory reasons and on the basis of special surveys). Routine data are often not considered appropriate for research purposes and thus they are either ignored or supplemented with additional data collection. There is, however, considerable value in linking routine environmental and health data at the local level specifically to raise local awareness about environmental health issues and to support decision-making. For the long term, efforts to improve routine data gathering are needed to be given immediate priority for this purpose. Where relevant data do not exist, rapid survey methods need to be applied. In many areas, this will require significant capacity-building to help design appropriate monitoring and information gathering systems, to help construct the relevant infrastructure (including monitoring, data analysis, mapping and reporting systems) and to help train personnel. These and other requirements involved in full implementation of the HEADLAMP process are discussed in the next chapter.


8.7References

b
Briggs, D., Corvalán, C. and Nurminen, M. [Eds] 1996 Linkage Methods for Environment and Health Analysis-General Guidelines. World Health Organization, Geneva.
Briggs, D.J., Stern, R. and Tinker, T.L. [Eds] 1998 Environmental Health for All. Risk Assessment and Risk Communication for National Environmental Health Action Plans. NATO Science Series. 2. Environmental Security-Vol. 49, Kluwer, Dordrecht.

c
Corvalan, C. and Kjellstrom, T. 1997 Analysis of health and environment indicators for decision-making: Lessons from field studies. Urbanisation and Health Newsletter, No. 33.
Corvalán, C., Nurminen, M. and Pastides, H. [Eds] 1997 Linkage Methods for Environment and Health Analysis-Technical Guidelines. World Health Organization, Geneva.

d
Department of Health, Philippines 1997 Philippine National Framework and Guidelines for Environmental Health Impact Assessment. Department of Health, Manila.

f
Fink, A., Kosecoff, J., Chassin, M. and Brook, B.H. 1984 Consensus methods: characteristics and guidelines for use . American Journal of Public Health,74, 979-83.

g
Gonzalez, M., Barten, F. and Sanchez, A. 1995 Health and Environment Analysis for Decision-making (HEADLAMP) field study: Managua. Unpublished document, World Health Organization, Geneva.

i
Institute Nacional de Estadísticas 1977, 1985, 1991, 1992 Compendio Estadístico. Institute Nacional de Estadísticas, Santiago.
Institute Nacional de Estadísticas 1995 Anuario de Demografia. Institute Nacional de Estadísticas, Santiago.

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