1983, 1988, 1990, 1991; Stevens&Gardner, 1982). This reality was not fully nor widely acknowledged by the end of the 20th century.
In examining the past century, it is clear that in society and in the field of psychology, women made progress. This progress needs to be protected and advanced in the 21st century.
In many ways, the field of psychology was a microcosm, reflecting and being reflected by the larger society during the 20th century. Women in both venues fought an uphill, difficult battle for equality of access, opportunity, and renown. Substantial hard fought gains were made by, and for, women in psychology as well for women in U.S. society. The 20th century was marked by advances and retrenchments, progression, regression, and evolution of the field and of society, moving toward global perspectives and considerations. Building on the richness of the 20th century, we are armed to move forward in the 21st century to better understandings of ourselves and others, generating superior theories and applications, becoming better healers and advocates of primary prevention and psychological health, working more effectively for peace, justice, equality, and full acceptance of the diversity and creativity amongst us in this challenging scientific and technological world that we inhabit.
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