Football Goes East: Business, Culture, and the People's Game in China, Japan, and South Korea

By Wolfram Manzenreiter; John Horne | Go to book overview

10

Football, fashion and fandom

Sociological reflections on the 2002 World Cup and collective memories in Korea

Whang Soon-Hee


Introduction

The 2002 FIFA World Cup co-hosted by the Republic of Korea (South Korea) and Japan was the first World Cup to be held in Asia. The author has conducted observation, interviews and studies of the impact of the event in both Korea and Japan. Fieldwork in Korea was carried out from the start of the 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup, the so-called World Cup 'rehearsal', onward. Interviews were held with committee members of the Korean World Cup Organising Committee, host city officials and board members of the 'Red Devils', the national team supporters' organisation. Field study was also conducted in stadiums and on the streets of Seoul, Taegu, and Incheon. After filming the fans in the stadiums and on the streets, interviews were conducted with selected supporters. The larger research project from which this chapter stems covers questions such as: How did host cities prepare for and organise the event? How did the citizens participate in and think about the preparations? And, have local communities changed as a consequence?

This chapter offers sociological reflections on two of the most significant manifestations of the Korean public's involvement in the 2002 Finals: public viewing and street cheering. My argument is divided into two parts. The first discusses the intersection of public space and football supporters' culture in Korea. As I will argue, to understand the body cultures of street supporters, it is necessary to examine the structures and practices of individuals that constitute these particular cultures. As structural factors, I will first discuss the content of street supporting; second, the transformation of the meaning and usage of space over time; and third, the differentiation strategy within the street supporters' body culture. Taking the practices of individual supporters into account, I apply Erving Goffman's dramaturgical approach to micro-sociological analysis in order to explore the dramatic street scenes in Korea during the World Cup. The second part will reflect on the significance of 'national flag fashion', or the variant usage of the national flag (taegeukgi), for different generations of Koreans. I analyse their respective frameworks of collective representations and the way memories of the past have been changed over the course of the 2002 World Cup. The chapter thus offers both an analysis of the external manifestation of Korean football

-148-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Football Goes East: Business, Culture, and the People's Game in China, Japan, and South Korea
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 268

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.