Antarctic Treaty regime The internationally agreed set of rules under the Antarctic Treaty and its protocols.
appropriations Authorisations of expenditure by government.
asymmetry in military affairs Gross disproportion in the military power and technological sophistication of opposing forces in a conflict; exemplified by the phenomenon of the suicide bomber, and the use of primitive weapons by the airline hijackers who attacked the USA in 2001.
AUSMIN talks Annual high-level defence and security talks between the USA and Australia, which are military allies under the ANZUS Treaty.
balance of payments A measure of a country's economic transactions with all other countries, in receipts and expenditures, usually calculated monthly and annually.
bilateral and multilateral Australia engages in bilateral diplomacy when it deals with one country on a foreign policy issue, and in multilateral diplomacy when it deals with a number of countries on a foreign policy issue. Australia's trade negotiations in the WTO involve 146 other countries.
Bretton Woods institutions The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, which were established following a 1944 conference held in the New Hampshire town of Bretton Woods to determine the shape of international monetary arrangements after World War II. Together with the World Trade Organization, these are sometimes now known as the institutions of global governance.