FROM ASSIMILATION TO SOCIAL COHESION
ISSUES OF CULTURAL DIVERSITY and citizenship have been part of the educational agenda of Canada throughout its history. This agenda comes in part from recognition of the need to address cultural diversity and citizenship as part of the ongoing task of nation-building. The meanings and values attached to both cultural diversity and citizenship have changed over time, and educational policies and programs have reflected these changes. Despite the fact that there has been a close connection between multicultural education and citizenship education, there has been little overlap between scholars and researchers in the two fields. This is one of the factors that has limited the work in both fields. The current period, characterized by attention to the nebulous notion of social cohesion, provides a unique opportunity to unite and strengthen the work in both multicultural and citizenship education.
This chapter begins with an overview of the context for multicultural and citizenship education in Canada. This is followed by a discussion of the historical evolution of the two fields. Social cohesion and the way it is influencing the work in multicultural and citizenship education is then discussed. Peace education—an approach that could foster closer ties