Mary Davies and Caralinda Jefferies
The central issues of widening participation in higher education-the profile of student cohorts, entry routes and numbers of drop-outs-have brought to the forefront the urgent need to reflect on and develop strategies that are orientated towards student-centred learning. It is not the purpose of this chapter to debate the issues of pedagogy versus andragogy, except in so far as they are relevant to an understanding of how students learn. Widening participation has meant that lecturers and tutors are more likely to have to deal with issues surrounding those identified as 'psychologically vulnerable', and many feel ill-equipped to support students effectively.
The stress associated with studying at a higher level has been compounded in recent years by financial concerns which affect all sections of the student body, and although it is a recent phenomenon, it is in addition to the more traditional problems encountered. Many young undergraduates (those entering immediately after completion of studies at school or further education college) will be coping with the trauma of budgeting, time