A Handbook of Reflective and Experiential Learning: Theory and Practice

By Jennifer A. Moon | Go to book overview

Glossary
accommodation the process of modification of new material of learning or current cognitive structure (qv) in a learning process that results in change of conceptions (i.e., understanding or state of knowledge). Accommodation follows the process of assimilation (qv).
appresentation the process in which an element of an external experience stimulates a more complete or richer internal experience of the 'whole' of that thing on the basis of the prior experience of it. For example, seeing a familiar face triggers an internal experience of the whole person.
assimilation the processing of new material of learning such that learning occurs. The process of assimilation is guided by the current internal experience (prior experiences in current state of cognitive structure (qv)) of the object of learning, and any given current purposes for the learning. In meaningful learning, assimilation is accompanied by the process of accommodation (qv).
cognitive structure - the network of concepts, emotions, knowledge, experiences, beliefs, etc. that guides a person's functioning at a particular time.
conception of (structure of) knowledge this term relates to a suggested developmental sequence of increasing understanding of the nature of knowledge generally from the concept of there being only right and wrong ideas to the acceptance of the constructed nature of knowledge.
constructivism a theoretical position in education/psychology that holds that in the process of learning, an individual constructs a view of an object through the processes of accommodation (qv) and assimilation (qv) giving rise to a cognitive structure (qv) that is unique and that guides the processes of further learning. In this way, the individual has a unique view of the world based on her own processes of learning.
distinction of figure from the ground being able to discern the appropriate cues for learning for a particular purpose from other 'background' or non-relevant stimuli.

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