Sleep Disorders: Diagnosis, Management and Treatment : a Handbook for Clinicians

By Peretz Lavie; Giora Pillar et al. | Go to book overview

chapter 1

History of sleep medicine

Sleep and dreams have been popular throughout time for writers, researchers and physicians alike. However, most of our modern knowledge of sleep medicine was achieved only in the last four decades. There have been several breakthrough discoveries that paved the way to the scientific investigation of sleep (Table 1).

To date, the understanding of why we sleep and the precise sleep control mechanisms of the brain are far from being completely elucidated. Previously, it was believed that sleep is a time of quiescence and

Table 1 Hallmarks of sleep research

1907

Induction of sleep in non-sleepy dogs using serum of sleep-deprived dogs (Legendre and Pieron). Took the hypnotoxin theory to its zenith

1920

Sleep deprivation results in greater sleepiness in the night than the following morning (Kleitman). Increased the understanding of the circadian drive to sleep

1928

The discovery of the electroencephalogram (EEG, Hans Berger). Enabled the possibility of measuring sleep objectively

1949

Electrical stimulations of the brain. The discovery of the reticular formation (Moruzzi and Magoun)

1953

The discovery of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep (Aserinsky and Kleitman)

-1-

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Sleep Disorders: Diagnosis, Management and Treatment : a Handbook for Clinicians
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Chapter 1 - History of Sleep Medicine 1
  • Chapter 2 - Systemic Function During Normal Sleep 19
  • Chapter 3 - Hypersomnia: an Introduction 41
  • Chapter 4 - Sleep Apnoea Syndrome 47
  • Chapter 5 - Periodic Limb Movement Disorder 89
  • Chapter 6 - Primary and Other Forms of Hypersomnia 97
  • Chapter 7 - Hypersomnia: Summary and Patient Approach 109
  • Chapter 8 - Insomnia 115
  • Chapter 9 - Parasomnias 145
  • Appendix 167
  • Index 177
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