Sleep Disorders: Diagnosis, Management and Treatment : a Handbook for Clinicians

By Peretz Lavie; Giora Pillar et al. | Go to book overview

chapter 9

Parasomnias

The parasomnias are undesirable events that occur exclusively during the sleep period or that are exacerbated by sleep. Although some of the parasomnias may be quite frightening, most of them are benign, self-limited and only infrequently require treatment. Generally, the vast majority of the parasomnias are more common in children, although some of them tend to persist into adulthood or elderly life. There are several possible ways to classify the parasomnias. The most widely accepted classification is that suggested by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, which is based on the sleep stage during which each of the parasomnias tends to occur (see Appendix).

The parasomnias in this book are discussed according to this classification.


Definition and classification

The parasomnias are a group of sleep disorders that consist of undesirable physical and behavioural phenomena which occur predominantly during sleep. Although these disorders intrude into or occur during sleep, they are not usually associated with a primary complaint of insomnia or excessive sleepiness. Most of the parasomnias can be diagnosed based on history alone, although in some cases the differential diagnosis is difficult and some further testing is required (usually

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Sleep Disorders: Diagnosis, Management and Treatment : a Handbook for Clinicians
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Chapter 1 - History of Sleep Medicine 1
  • Chapter 2 - Systemic Function During Normal Sleep 19
  • Chapter 3 - Hypersomnia: an Introduction 41
  • Chapter 4 - Sleep Apnoea Syndrome 47
  • Chapter 5 - Periodic Limb Movement Disorder 89
  • Chapter 6 - Primary and Other Forms of Hypersomnia 97
  • Chapter 7 - Hypersomnia: Summary and Patient Approach 109
  • Chapter 8 - Insomnia 115
  • Chapter 9 - Parasomnias 145
  • Appendix 167
  • Index 177
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