Albanian communist. Koci Xoxi, a tinsmith from Korea, was the only founding member of the Albanian Communist Party (ACP) who was not an intellectual. Until 1949, he was a member of the ACP Central Committee and Politburo. From 1944 to 1948 he was the assistant prime minister, interior minister in charge of the secret police and other security forces, and the chairman of the State Control Commission.
At the November 1944 Plenum of the Central Committee of the ACP, Colonel Velimir Stojnic, the representative of Tito's Yugoslav Partisans, backed by Xoxe, challenged Enver Hoxha, the party's leader, and attempted to have him removed. Hoxha survived. Nevertheless, until 1948 Albania was practically a satellite of Yugoslavia. Hoxha took advantage of the expulsion of Tito's Yugoslavia from Cominform, an organization founded by the Soviets in 1947 to gain control of the Communist movement, to assert the independence of Albania and to move against Xoxe, who had been supported by Tito. Xoxe was purged for “deviationism” (support of Tito) at the first congress of the Albanian Party of Labor, the renamed communist party, in November 1948 and was executed on June 11, 1949.