b. 1546 Bologna, Italy
d. 7 November 1599 Bologna, Italy
He studied at Bologna University and took his degree in medicine at the age of 24. He was later appointed Professor of Surgery and of Anatomy. In his writings he appears to have preceded some of the work of Paré and gives a detailed account of rhinoplasty facilitated by the deployment of strips of skin. He also described a type of artificial eye resembling Paré's ekblepharon. His surgical skill appears to have been highly regarded by his contemporaries.
He manufactured 'philosophical devices' in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and was approached by Alexander Graham Bell in connection with the construction of toys using sound recordings. A more formal co-operation was agreed, and after Bell's receipt of the French Volta prize in 1880 he financed the Volta Laboratory Association in Washington, DC. He founded this in 1881 together with a cousin and Tainter to develop a practical sound-recording and -reproducing system. Another area that was developed was the transmission of sound by means of modulated light and reception via a selenium cell.
The advances in sound recording and reproduction were very positive, and T.A.Edison was approached in mid-1885 in order to establish co-operation in the further development of a cylinder instrument. In early 1886 the Volta Graphophone Company was incorporated in Virginia, and an experimental laboratory was established in Washington, DC. The investors were connected with the secretarial services at the House of Representatives and needed the development for increasing efficiency in debate reporting. In mid-1887 Edison, against the advice of his collaborators, declined co-operation and went ahead on his own. There is no doubt that Tainter's skill in developing functional equipment and the speed with which he was able to work in the crucial years provoked other developments in the field, in particular the perfection of the Edison phonograph and the development of the disc record by Berliner.
b. 19 September 1864 Wellington, Shropshire, England
d. 16 December 1947 Solberge Hall, Northallerton, Yorkshire, England