Growing Up with Unemployment: A Longitudinal Study of Its Psychological Impact

By Anthony H. Winefield; Marika Tiggemann et al. | Go to book overview

5

Coping with unemployment

Various factors appear to moderate the potentially harmful effects of unemployment, that is, influence how well (or badly) unemployed individuals manage to cope with their lot. In this chapter we discuss our results in terms of this very important question.

Hepworth (1980) suggested a number of such factors, and, in a study of unemployed men, she showed that length of unemployment was negatively correlated with mental health and psychological well-being, and that the semi-skilled and unskilled had poorer psychological well-being than those of higher occupational status.

These findings have not always been replicated however. Feather (1985) for example, after reviewing the literature, concluded, 'The evidence typically fails to show that longer durations of unemployment are associated with lower psychological well-being' (Feather, 1985:270). Hepworth's (1980) finding concerning skill levels has not always been replicated either. Kaufman (1982), in a study of unemployed professionals, found that the more highly skilled suffered more than the less highly skilled.

A range of other variables has been shown to moderate the negative effects of unemployment including age (Broomhall and Winefield, 1990; Rowley and Feather, 1987), sex (Ensminger and Celentano, 1990; Warr and Parry, 1982), ethnic origin (Warr, Banks and Ullah, 1985), socio-economic status (Little, 1976; Payne, Warr and Bartley, 1984), financial strain (Finlay-Jones and Eckhardt, 1981, 1984; Kessler, Turner and House, 1987; Payne and Bartley, 1987), social support (Bolton and Oatley, 1987; Gore, 1978; Halford and Learner, 1984; Ullah, Banks and Warr, 1985), employment commitment (Jackson, Stafford, Banks and Warr, 1983; Ostell and Divers, 1987; Shamir, 1986a); time use (Feather and Bond, 1983; Kilpatrick and Trew, 1985) and attributional style (Ostell and Divers, 1987).

One complication in studying the effects of moderating variables is that they are likely to interact. In other words, their combined effects may not be the same as the effects of each added together. For example, Bartley and

-75-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Growing Up with Unemployment: A Longitudinal Study of Its Psychological Impact
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 200

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.