1 One of the most important tasks of the revolutionary struggle for liberation against imperialism in the huge area of the Near East is the solution of the Arab national question. The masses of the people in all Arab countries are under the yoke of imperialism. In one form or another, to one degree or another, all the Arab countries are deprived of political independence. Palestine, Trans-Jordania, and Iraq are mandates wholly subject to the domination of English imperialism; Syria is governed by French imperialists; Egypt is under the heel of British domination, and the “independence” of that country, declared in 1921, is an insult to real independence, due to the fact that the most important, key political positions are in the hands of English imperialists; moreover, the English remain the dictators of the Sudan; Tripoli is a colony of the Italian imperialists; the French regime dominates Tunisia and Algeria, and as for Morocco, it is partitioned between French and Spanish imperialists. Yemen, Hijaz, and the Nadj, although they are not directly subjected to imperialist domination, are deprived of the prerequisites for an independent existence, and, encircled and hounded by the colonies of the imperialists, are forced to submit themselves to the dictates of imperialism.
The entire system of imperialist domination over the Arab peoples is based, not only on their outright enslavement and subjugation, but on the fact that they have been split up arbitrarily into parts at the command of world imperialism. This division of the Arab peoples among the English, French, Italian, and Spanish imperialists reflects the prevailing balance of power among these imperialists and is so adjusted as to perpetuate their domination. It is in the most crying contradiction to the vital interests of the Arab peoples. The political boundaries dividing them have been established and maintained forcibly by the imperialists, who thus carry out the principle of “divide and rule.” These boundaries artificially weaken the masses of the Arab peoples in their struggle against the foreign yoke for
* Resolution adopted at the conference of the Communist Parties of Palestine and Syria in 1931. Published in Japanese in the journal, Marxism (Tokyo, March, 1928).