Ethnic Violence and the Societal Security Dilemma

By Paul Roe | Go to book overview

3

Societal security

The theme of identity has become one of the most important and yet contested elements in contemporary debates over the nature of security and the future of security studies. 1

In this chapter, concern switches to the concept of 'societal security'. In Chapter 2, drawing on Yosef Lapid and Friedrich Kratochwil, I introduced the argument that attempts to employ the security dilemma at the intra-state level have thus far largely failed to take into account non-military concerns, namely those centred on identity. If the concept is to be utilised more effectively at this particular level of analysis, an endeavour must be made to tackle such insecurities. In this way, my intention is to try to accommodate societal security within the framework of the security dilemma. This does not assume that the end result will always be conceptually neat. Rather, the point is to explore whether identity issues can profitably be combined with the security dilemma concept in order (potentially) to produce greater explanatory value.

The chapter is broken down into two major sections. The first part involves defining the concept of societal security: initially developed by Barry Buzan in People, States and Fear (1991), redeveloped by Ole Waever et al. in Identity, Migration, and the New Security Agenda in Europe (1993), 2 and further redeveloped by Buzan, Waever, and subsequent Copenhagen School member Jaap de Wilde in Security: A New Framework for Analysis (1998). The second section concentrates on threats to societal security: those actions and measures that can bring the survival of a group's identity into question.


The concept of societal security

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, significant moves in IR took place designed to take security theory beyond the confines of the dominant Realist and neo-Realist paradigms. For Realists and neo-Realists alike, the state is the primary referent object of security. States are threatened in terms of challenges to their sovereignty, and such threats are, by and large, of a military nature. The

-41-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Ethnic Violence and the Societal Security Dilemma
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Series Editor's Preface vii
  • Acknowledgements x
  • Introduction 1
  • 1 - The Security Dilemma 8
  • 2 - The 'Ethnic' Security Dilemma and the Former Yugoslavia 25
  • 3 - Societal Security 41
  • 4 - The Societal Security Dilemma 56
  • 5 - Serbs and Croats 75
  • 6 - Krajina and the Societal Security Dilemma 92
  • 7 - Romanians and Hungarians 111
  • 8 - Transylvania and the Societal Security Dilemma 132
  • Conclusion 153
  • Notes 164
  • Selected Bibliography 191
  • Index 200
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 205

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.