A moderate conservative political party in Ukraine. Fatherland was launched in 1999 by a faction of the Hromada All-Ukrainian Association after Hromada leader Pavlo Lazarenko had fled to the USA to escape charges of financial corruption when he was Prime Minister in 1996-97. In January 2000 Fatherland leader Yuliya Tymoshenko was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and put in charge of the energy sector. In August 2000 her husband was among several state energy officials arrested on embezzlement charges and was later also accused of paying large bribes to Lazarenko when he was Prime Minister. Tymoshenko was then herself charged with corruption when she had been a state energy official, and was dismissed from the Government in January 2001. Fatherland thereupon joined the parliamentary opposition to President Leonid Kuchma, who was concurrently under intense pressure to resign over his alleged involvement in the murder of a journalist. The arrest of Tymoshenko in mid-February was condemned by Fatherland as punishment for her anti-Kuchma activities and her attempts to reform the energy sector.
Leadership: Yuliya Tymoshenko (Chair.).
Address: c/o Verkhovna Rada, M. Grushevskogo St 5, Kiev 01008.
Otechestvo-Vsya Rossiya (OVR)
A conservative nationalist political grouping in the Russian Federation. Fatherland was launched in November 1998 by Yurii Luzhkov, the popular Mayor of Moscow, to rally opposition to the increasingly troubled presidency of Boris Yeltsin, attracting considerable support from regional Governors and business leaders for its call for a better balance between the free market and state economic control. In April 1999 it formed the OVR bloc with the regionalist All Russia movement, but from September 1999 faced strong competition on the right from the new Unity Inter-regional Movement (Medved) backing the then Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.