The capital of Croatia, situated in the middle of the country's two forks of territory. Population: 706,770 (1991 census). The city was not effectively a single entity until the construction of new buildings in the 19th century joined the ancient fortress of Gradec with the religious town of Kaptol. By the end of that century Zagreb had grown into a thriving urban centre and served as the base of Croatian and south Slavic (Yugoslav) nationalism. The declaration of Croatian independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire was made from Zagreb in 1918 and the city remained the administrative centre of Croatia within the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later Yugoslavia). In this role it ensured its position as the major industrial centre for Croatia with production focusing on chemicals but also consumer goods. It also gained good transport access to the rest of the Balkans.
Zagreb was home to a large Serb community before the mass migrations engendered by the region's fierce wars in the early 1990s. During the conflict the city itself was shelled by Croat Serb forces in May 1995.
The securities trading exchange founded in Croatia in 1991 as a joint stock company by leading banks and insurance companies. The ZSE has 34 shareholders who elect a nine-member Supervisory Board. Trading is carried out by 51 members and market capitalization in 1999 had totalled US $2,500m.
General Manager: Marinko Papuga.
Address: Ksaver 208, 10000 Zagreb.
Telephone: (1) 4677925.
Fax: (1) 4677680.