Only one thing is impossible for God: to find any sense in any copyright law on the planet. Mark Twain, Notebook, 23 May 1903.
Copyright is a property right which arises automatically on the creation of various categories of work, and protects the rights and interests of the creators of literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, sound recordings, films, broadcasts, and cable programmes and the typographical arrangements of published editions.
Copyright is a complex field. The legislation is changing rapidly in order to take account of technological change. As each of the new technologies has made multiple copying easier and faster, rights holders have successfully lobbied for copyright protection to be strengthened. To operate effectively, the information society requires balanced copyright laws. Governments need to ensure that the economic rights of information providers are balanced with the needs of users to gain access to information. This has been achieved by providing for exceptions, such as fair dealing and library privilege. Article 9.2 of the Berne Convention 1 says that
'It shall be a matter for legislation in the countries of the Union to permit the reproduction of such works in certain special cases, provided that such reproduction does not conflict with a normal exploitation of the work and does not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the author.'