Organizing Black America: An Encyclopedia of African American Associations

By Nina Mjagkij | Go to book overview

C

California Council for Civic Unity

In 1946 an interracial group of social activists met in San Francisco, California, to organize a statewide federation of civil rights and civil liberties organizations. This federation was known as the California Council for Civic Unity (CCCU). Among the most notable of this group of activists were Joseph James, the shipyard worker whose fight against auxiliary unions resulted in the legal prohibition of segregated unions; Laurence J. Hewes, the Pacific Coast director of the American Council on Race Relations; and Ruth Kingman, community activist and wife of Harry L. Kingman, the West Coast regional director of the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC).

They and other local leaders worked closely with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Pacific Coast Committee on American Principles and Fair Play (Fair Play Committee), and the influential American Council on Race Relations (ACRR) to form an omnibus federation of interracial organizations. Ruth Kingman was elected the first president of the CCCU, the first of three women to hold that office. The CCCU became the most influential of the interracial coalitions to emerge in the San Francisco Bay Area. The Bay Area became the center of civil rights and interracial activism in the state and on the West Coast.

Benefiting from the climate of liberalism that briefly flowered in the aftermath of World War II, the CCCU enjoyed support from California's most influential community and business leaders and claimed a diverse membership of more than forty organizations including the NAACP, the Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA), the Jewish Survey, and the B'nai B'rith Committee. The CCCU board and staff-which included Lester Granger, executive director of the National Urban League (NUL), Walter White of the NAACP, and renowned author Richard Wright-adopted an array of goals that demanded nothing less than an end to all segregation and discrimination. The CCCU targeted employment discrimination, segregation in public accommodations and services, and discrimination in private institutions.

From its inception the CCCU depended on financial, administrative, and technical support from the ACRR, whose prestigious staff and board included the acclaimed author Pearl S. Buck, the UN Secretariat member Ralph J. Bunche, and the sociologist and editor Charles S. Johnson. However, within a year of its founding, the fledgling CCCU left the protective wing of the ACRR when the older organization discontinued operations on the Pacific Coast. The break was not precipitated by ideological or personal conflicts. The ACRR continued to assist the CCCU with technical expertise and advice whenever called upon but severed its financial ties with the CCCU, passing the torch of social activism and financial autonomy to the CCCU.

After a brief bout of self-doubt and concern over the CCCU's stability, Ruth Kingman confidently committed the organization to an aggressive program of fund-raising and held the organization to its original goals. However traumatic the break with ACRR might have been initially, it had no impact on CCCU leadership or policy. Few outsiders detected any transition. The only visible change came in 1948 when the CCCU changed its name to the California Federation for Civic Unity (CFCU). The CFCU continued for a decade as a statewide coalition of interracial organizations whose agenda gave top priority to desegregation.

While the CCCU and CFCU were most effective as educational and fact-finding instruments, they achieved

California Council for Civic Unity

-133-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Organizing Black America: An Encyclopedia of African American Associations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction vii
  • List of Entries ix
  • A 1
  • B 87
  • C 133
  • D 207
  • E 219
  • F 227
  • G 241
  • H 257
  • I 265
  • J 287
  • K 295
  • L 299
  • M 319
  • N 351
  • O 535
  • P 549
  • R 599
  • S 603
  • T 653
  • U 663
  • V 685
  • W 689
  • Y 707
  • Z 715
  • Addendum 717
  • Index 727
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 768

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.