This publication is the result of one of the first projects of the Centre for Mediterranean Studies (CMS), established at Bristol University in October 1987, in a series on democratic transition and consolidation in southern Europe. It was also started in conjunction with the Politics and Society in Mediterranean Europe (POSME) group of the Political Studies Association, with a panel at the latter's annual conference at Aberdeen in April 1987 and a further meeting of contributors to discuss revision of work in December 1987, organized by Ken Gladdish at Reading University.
The theme examined in this volume is one neglected in comparative work on the problems of democratic consolidation in southern European countries, yet it is one quite decisive to the outcome of that process. The contributors have followed the comparative framework set out on pp. 26-8.
The editor would like to thank Leonardo Morlino, Yannis Papadopoulos, and Walter Opello for their helpful comments on some of the early drafts.
Centre for Mediterranean Studies
University of Bristol