Securing Democracy: Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation in Southern Europe

By Geoffrey Pridham | Go to book overview

longer be convincingly seen as a threat to the democratic framework, but the way it was completed evidently detracted quite seriously from the quality of democracy, if no longer also from its stability.


Notes
1.
See inter alia G. Sani, 'Mass constraints on political realignments: perceptions of anti-system parties in Italy', British Journal of Political Science, 1976, vol. 6, pp. 1-31; G. Almond and S. Verba, The Civic Culture, Boston, Mass., Little, Brown, 1965; G. Sani, The political culture of Italy: continuity and change'; in G. Almond and S. Verba (eds) The Civic Culture Revisited, Boston, Mass., Little, Brown, 1980, pp. 273-323. A useful source in Italian is G. Guidorossi, Gli italiani e la politico, Milan, Franco Angeli, 1984, which summarizes a mass of post-war survey research.
2.
See G. Sani and G. Sartori, 'Polarization, fragmentation and competition in western democracies', in Hans Daalder and Peter Mair (eds) Western European Party Systems: Continuity and Change, London, Sage, 1983, 307-40.
3.
See Guidorossi, op. cit., especially pp. 103-36, and pp. 241-6, which deal in some detail with this issue. See also G. Sani, 'Amici-Nemici; Parenti-Serpenti: Communists and socialists in Italy', in B.E. Brown (ed.) Eurocommunism and Eurosocialism: The Left Confronts Modernity, New York and London, Cyrco Press, 1979, pp. 105-42.
4.
This definition draws heavily on ideas set out in a paper by L. Whitehead, 'The consolidation of fragile democracies: a discussion with illustrations', written for the Consultation on Reinforcing Democracy in the Americas, Atlanta, Georgia, Carter Center, 17-18 November 1986.
5.
On the 'anti-system' concept see inter alia G. Smith, 'Party and protest: the two faces of opposition in western Europe', and G. Pridham, 'Opposition in Italy: from polarised pluralism to centripetal pluralism', both in E. Kolinsky (ed.) Opposition in Western Europe, London, Croom Helm, 1987, respectively pp. 49-71 and 156-94; also G. Di Palma, 'Party government and democratic reproducibility: the dilemma of new democracies', in F.G. Castles and R. Wildenmann (eds) The Future of Party Government., vol. 1, Visions and Realities of Party Government, Berlin and New York, Walter de Gruyter, 1986.
6.
See G. Sartori, Parties and Party Systems: A Framework for Analysis, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1976, p. 133.
7.
For an analysis of these changes see D. Hine, 'Parties and party government under pressure', in A. Ware (ed.) Political Parties: Electoral Change and Structural Response, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1987.
8.
See M. Pedersen, 'The dynamics of European party systems: changing patterns of electoral volatility', European Journal of Political Research, 1979, 7, pp. 1-26.
9.
See Galli and Prandi, op. cit., pp. 25-71; for a recent discussion of the persistence or decline of subcultural patterns in voting behaviour, see R. Mannheimer and G. Sani, Il mercato elettorale: identikit dell'eletore

-81-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Securing Democracy: Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation in Southern Europe
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 227

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.