Handbook of Health Psychology

By Andrew Baum; Tracey A. Revenson et al. | Go to book overview

interventions focus on changing those variables that have the greatest probability of influencing the likelihood that members of a given population will engage in the behavior in question.8


This chapter is dedicated to Marshall Becker, a true pioneer in health psychology. His contributions and humanity will be greatly missed. The chapter is a slightly revised version of M. Fishbein, A. Bandura, H. C. Triandis, F. H. Kanfer, M. H. Becker, S. E. Middlestadt, & A. Eichler (1992), Factros Influencing Behavior and Behavior Change: Final Report—Theorist's Workshop. Bethesda: NIMH. We are greatful to Dr. Bandura for his input on social cognitive theory, and in particular, for the definition, description and assessment of self- efficacy. Because of his strong belief that science is best advanced by developing a single theory (rather than by integrating parts of different theories), Dr. Bandura chose not to be a coauthor of the present chapter.


Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding attitudes and predieting social behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations sueiat cugnitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bandura, A. (1992). Exercise of personal agency through the self-efficacy mechanism. In R. Schwarzer (Ed.), Self-eficacy: Thought control of action (pp. 3–38). Washington, DC: Hemisphere.

Bandura, A. (1994). Social cognitive theory and exercise of control over HIV infection. In R. J. DiClemente & J. L. Peterson (Eds.), Preventing ADS: Theories and methods of behavioral interventions (pp. 1–20). New York: Plenum.

Becker, M. H. (1974). The health belief model and personal health behavior. Health Education Monographs, 2, 324–508.

Becker, M. H. (1988). AIDS and behavior change. Public Health Reviews, 16, 1–11.

CDC AIDS Community Demonstration Projects Research Group. (1999). Community-level HIV intervention in 5 cities: Final outcome data from the CDC AIDS Community Demonstartion Projects. AJPH, 89(3), 1–10.

Cleghom, F., Weller, P., Helquist, M., Woods, W., Rohde, F., & Middlestadt, S. E. (1991). Improving the reliability of an observation instrument to assess condom skills. Paper presented at the U.S.A.I.D. AIDS Prevention Conference, Rosslyn, VA.

Eisler, R, M., Miller, P. M., & Hersen, M. (1973). Components of Assertive Behavior. Journal of Clinical Psycholoy, 29, 259–299.

Fishbein, M. (1980). A theory of reasoned action: Some applications and implications. In H. Howe & M. Page (Eds.), Nebraska Sympusium on Mutivation, 1979 (pp. 65–116). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief attitude, intention and behavior: An intruduction to theory and research. Boston: Addison-Wesley.

Fishbein, M., Guenther-Grey, C., Johnson, W. D., Wolitski, R. J., McAlister, A., Rietmeijer, C. A., O'Reilly, K., & The AIDS Community Demonstration Projects. (1994). Using a theory- based community intervention to reduce AIDS risk behaviors: The CDC's AIDS Comunity Demonstraion Projects. In S. Oskarnp & S. C. Thompson (Eds.), understanding and preventing HIV risk behavior: Safer sex and drug use (pp. 177–206). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Fishbein, M., Middlestadt, S. E., & Hitchcock, P. J. (1991). Using information to change sexually transmitted disease-related behaviors: An analysis based on the theory of reasoned action. In J. N. Wasserheit, S. O. Aral, & K. K. Holmes (Eds.), Research issues in human behavior and sexually transmitted diseases in the AIDS era (pp. 243–257). Washington, Microbiology.

French, J. R. P., Jr., & Raven, B. H. (1959). The basis of social power. In D. Cartwright (Ed.), Studies in social power (pp. 150–167). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Hersen, M., & Bellack, A. S. (1976). Social skills caning for chronic psychiatric patients: Rationale, research findings, and future directions. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 17, 559–780.

Janz, N. K., & Becker, M. H. (1984). The health belief model: A decade later. Health Education Quarterly, 11, 147.

Kamb, M, L., Fishbein, M., Douglas, J. M., Rhodes, F., Rogers, J., Bolan, G., Zenilman, J., Hoxworth, T., Mallotte, C. K., Iatesta, M., Kent, C., Lentz, A., Graziano, S., Byers, R. H., Peterman, T. A., & The Project RESPECT Study Group. (1998). HIV/STD prevention counselling for high-risk behaviors: Results frum a multicenter, randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280(13), 1161–1167.

Kanfer, F. H. (1970). Self-regulation: Research, issues and speculations. In C. Neuringir & J. L. Michael (Eds.), Behavior modification in clinical Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Kanfer, F. H., & Shefft, B. K. (1988). Guiding the process of therapeutic change. Champaign, IL: Research Press.

Kanfer, R., & Kanfer, F. HI (1991). Goals and self regulation: Applications of theory to work settings. In M, L. Maehr & P. R. Pintrich 7, pp. 287–326). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Kelly, J. A., Murphy, D. A., Sikkema, K. J., & Kalichman, S. C. (1993). Psychological interventions to prevent HIV infection are urgently needed: New priorities for behavioral research in the second decade of AIDS. American Psychologist, 48(10), 1023–1034.

Kelly, J. A., St. Lawrence, J. S., Hood, H. V., & Brasfield, T. L. (1989). Behaviors intervention to reduce AIDS risk activities. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 60–67.

Montgomery, S. B., Joseph, J. G., Becker, M. H., Ostrow, D. G., Kessler, R. C., & Kirscht, J. P. (1989). The health belief model in understing compliance with preventive recommendations for AIDS: HOW useful? AIDS Education and Prevention, 1, 303–323.

Nisbett, R. E., & ROSS, L. (1980). Human inference: Strategies and shortcomings uf social judgment. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice.Hall.

The theorists workshop that produced this paper was held in 1991. At that time, most AIDS psychosocial research was directed at identifying factors that put people at risk for acquriing or transmitting AIDS or at understanding the determinants of “safer” or “riskier” behaviors. There were few, if any, theory-based behavioral interventions to prevent the acquisition or transmission of HIV. Since that time, many of the ideas presented in this paper have served as the theoretical underpinnings for a number of successful behavior change interventions. For illusrations of how the concepts and measures described in the paper have been used to design, implement, and evaluate multi-site behavior change interventions at both the community and individual level, see Fishbein et al, (1996), the CDC AIDS Community Demonstartion Projects Research Group (1999), and Kamb et al. (1998).


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Handbook of Health Psychology
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 962

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search


    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.