A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology

By R. L. Trask | Go to book overview

N

N

A cover symbol for nucleus in syllable structure.


narial

adj. (also, erroneously, nareal) 1. Pertaining to the nostrils (nares). 2. (of an articulation) Articulated with the primary constriction at the nostrils. Catford (1977, 1988) points out that the voiceless nasals of Welsh and Burmese could plausibly be described as 'narial approximants', but the term is not in use. Narial fricatives are also possible, but are not known to occur in any language.


narrow

adj. 1.[obsolete] (of a vowel) Tense. Sweet (1877). 2. (of a vowel) Articulated without the use of an advanced tongue root. See under ATR. Ladefoged (1975). 3. (of a constriction or a segment) Involving a comparatively small passageway for air flow. Ant. (all senses) wide.


narrow-band spectrogram

n. A sound spectrogram recorded using filters with narrow frequency bands and correspondingly slow sampling times. Such a spectrogram shows the formants very clearly but smears the effects of rapid changes in the articulatory configuration. Cf. wide-band spectrogram.


narrow diphthong

n. A diphthong whose initial and final elements differ little in tongue height, such as [ei] or Ant. wide diphthong.


narrowed

adj. In the Williamson feature system, one of the possible values of the feature expansion.


narrow focus

n. In intonation, the case in which only some part of the intonation-group is in focus. See Cruttenden (1986). Ant. broad focus.


narrow transcription

n. A transcription which includes more phonetic detail than is necessary to distinguish phonemes: a phonetic transcription.


n-ary feature

n. See multivalued feature.


nasal

1. adj. Pertaining to the nasal cavity. 2. adj. (of a segment or of a voice quality) Articulated with the velum lowered,

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A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures vi
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Abbreviations xi
  • Guide to Pronunciation xii
  • A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology xiii
  • A 1
  • B 46
  • C 62
  • D 101
  • E 126
  • F 139
  • G 154
  • H 165
  • I 175
  • J 188
  • K 191
  • L 193
  • M 214
  • N 232
  • O 245
  • P 254
  • Q 298
  • R 299
  • S 316
  • T 350
  • U 365
  • V 371
  • W 385
  • X 391
  • Y 392
  • Z 393
  • Appendix: the International Phonetic Alphabet (Revised to 1993) 394
  • References 395
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