A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology

By R. L. Trask | Go to book overview

Q

quadrangular vowel system

n. A vowel system consisting of pairs of front and back vowels of equal height.


quality

n. 1. Broadly, the sum of the perceptual characteristics of a single speech sound, derived from the acoustic spectrum of that sound; its characteristic resonance. 2. See vowel quality.


quantal theory of speech

n. A theory of speech, based upon the observation that acoustic patterns and auditory responses tend to change sharply from one state to another as the articulatory pattern is varied continuously. Such 'quantal' relations are held to be a major factor in determining the articulatory and acoustic attributes used to signal distinctions in language. See the special issue of the Journal of Phonetics 17:1/2 (1989) for an extended discussion. Stevens (1972).


quantal vowel

n. A vowel whose acoustic qualities are little affected by variation in its articulation and whose perception is little affected by variation in its acoustic quality: one of [i u a]. Stevens (1972).


quantitative metre

n. (also quantitative verse A type of rhythm based on the phonological weight of syllables and not upon stress, typical of verse in Ancient Greek and Classical Latin.


quantity

n. See length (sense 2).


quantity-sensitivity

n. The phenomenon, occurring in some languages, in which the position of the word accent is partly determined by the quantity of some syllable(s). Adj. quantitysensitive


quasi-RP

n. A label applied by Wells (1982, 2:285) to a type of accent resulting from poor speech training and characterized by an RP-like distribution of phonemes but a strongly unnatural distribution of allophones, such as the use of median oral release for /t/ in all environments.


quaternary feature

n. A distinctive feature which may assume one of exactly four values.


Queen's English

n. See King's English.

-298-

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A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures vi
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Abbreviations xi
  • Guide to Pronunciation xii
  • A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology xiii
  • A 1
  • B 46
  • C 62
  • D 101
  • E 126
  • F 139
  • G 154
  • H 165
  • I 175
  • J 188
  • K 191
  • L 193
  • M 214
  • N 232
  • O 245
  • P 254
  • Q 298
  • R 299
  • S 316
  • T 350
  • U 365
  • V 371
  • W 385
  • X 391
  • Y 392
  • Z 393
  • Appendix: the International Phonetic Alphabet (Revised to 1993) 394
  • References 395
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